Quotation Foster, Gillian Joanne, Saleh, Ruba. 2021. The Adaptive Reuse of Cultural Heritage in European Circular City Plans: A Systematic Review. Sustainability. 13.5 2889




A new movement in urban environmental policy, the circular economy (CE), aims to change how Europeans consume and produce materials and energy. Cities are taking up the CE challenge. This research inquires whether the infant CE programs in European cities include cultural heritage and adaptive reuse of cultural heritage (ARCH) buildings. ARCH buildings exemplify the central principal of the CE, which is a temporally long service life with multiple uses for several generations of users. In addition, culture and cultural heritage buildings are established drivers of socioeconomic development, urban landscape, and identity. Hypothetically, cultural heritage and adaptive reuse of cultural heritage (ARCH) buildings should be prominently included in European cities’ CE programs, particularly those cities that are highly ranked on the 2019 European Cultural and Creative Cities Monitor (Monitor). To test this hypothesis, this study creates a novel dataset that profiles the existing circular city plans of 190 European cities included in the Monitor’s ranking. Contrary to the hypothesis, just seven percent of cities in the dataset include cultural heritage. European cities are missing an opportunity to achieve their CE goals and preserve their unique identities as embodied in the built environment.


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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Journal article
Journal Sustainability
Citation Index SSCI
WU-Journal-Rating new STRAT-C
Language English
Title The Adaptive Reuse of Cultural Heritage in European Circular City Plans: A Systematic Review
Volume 13.5
Year 2021
Page from 2889
Reviewed? Y
URL https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/13/5/2889
DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052889
Open Access Y
Open Access Link https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/13/5/2889


CLIC - Circular Models Leveraging Investments in Cultural Heritage Adaptive Reuse
Foster, Gillian Joanne (Former researcher)
Saleh, Ruba (ICHEC Business School, Belgium)
Institute for Ecological Economics IN (Details)
Research areas (ÖSTAT Classification 'Statistik Austria')
2919 Energy research (Details)
2959 Sustainable development, sustainable economics (Details)
4118 Renewable energy (also energy sources, raw materials) (Details)
4119 Regenerable raw materials (Details)
4924 Sustainable development, sustainable economics (Details)
5368 Sustainable development, sustainable economics (Details)
5912 Social sciences (interdisciplinary) (Details)
5914 Environmental research (Details)
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