Quotation Szudoczky, Rita, Karolyi, Balazs. 2020. Progressive Turnover Taxes under the Prism of the State Aid Rules. European State Aid Law Quartely. 19 (3), 251-270.




Turnover-based progressive taxes are increasingly popular among the Member States. However, these taxes raise concerns regarding their compatibility with the EU State aid rules. Although there are multiple State aid concerns that deserve attention depending on the actual design of such taxes, the core issue is whether the ability to pay principle can serve as a legitimate objective underpinning turnover taxes and thus justify the different treatment of high-turnover and low-turnover undertakings. This question requires the careful assessment of de facto selectivity because in the case of progressive turnover taxes potential selectivity could only arise from the general construct of the tax in the absence of a derogation from a reference system. This article proposes an alternative test for the de facto selectivity boiling down in essence to the examination of the consistency of the tax. Furthermore, it analyses digital turnover taxes for their consistency with their declared objectives. Finally, the article explores how the Court’s unnecessarily strict approach to the admissibility of State aid questions in preliminary ruling procedures when the main proceeding concerns an individual tax notice could be eased.


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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Journal article
Journal European State Aid Law Quartely
Language English
Title Progressive Turnover Taxes under the Prism of the State Aid Rules
Volume 19
Number 3
Year 2020
Page from 251
Page to 270
Reviewed? Y
DOI n.a.
Open Access N


Szudoczky, Rita (Details)
Karolyi, Balazs (Details)
Institute for Austrian and International Tax Law IN (Details)
Research areas (ÖSTAT Classification 'Statistik Austria')
5206 Financial law (Details)
5240 European law (Details)
5270 Competition law (Details)
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