Quotation Hardie, Andrew, van Dorst, Isolde. 2020. A survey of grammatical variability in Early Modern English drama. Language and Literature. 29 (3), 275-301.




Grammar is one of the levels within the language system at which authorial choices of one mode of expression over others must be examined to characterise in full the style of the author. Such choices must however be assessed in the context of an understanding of the extent of variability that exists generally in the language. This study investigates a set of grammatical features to understand their variability in Early Modern English drama, and the extent to which Shakespeare’s grammatical style is distinct from or similar to that of his contemporaries in so far as these features are concerned. A review of prior works on Shakespeare’s grammar establishes that the quantitatively informed corpus linguistic approach utilised in this study is innovative to this topic. Using two of the grammatically annotated corpora created by the Encyclopedia of Shakespeare’s Language project, one made up of Shakespeare’s plays, one of plays by other playwrights of the period, we present a method which steers a course between the narrow focus of close reading and the naïvely quantitative metrics of authorship analysis. For a set of 15 grammatical features of stylistic interest, we retrieve all instances of each feature in each play via complex corpus search patterns and calculate its relative frequency. These results are then considered, in aggregate and at the text level, to assess the differences across plays, across dramatic genre, and between Shakespeare and the other dramatists, via both statistical summary and visual representation of variability. We find that Shakespeare’s grammatical style tends (especially in comedies and tragedies) to disprefer informationally dense noun phrases relative to the other playwrights; and, moreover, to prefer tense, aspect and pronoun features which suggest a greater degree of narrative focus in his style. Furthermore, we find Shakespeare to b...


Press 'enter' for creating the tag

Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Journal article
Journal Language and Literature
Language English
Title A survey of grammatical variability in Early Modern English drama
Volume 29
Number 3
Year 2020
Page from 275
Page to 301
Reviewed? Y
URL https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0963947020949440
DOI https://doi.org/10.1177/0963947020949440
Open Access N


van Dorst, Isolde (Details)
Hardie, Andrew (Lancaster University, United Kingdom)
Institute for English Business Communication (Köster) (Details)
Research areas (ÖSTAT Classification 'Statistik Austria')
1148 Computational linguistics (Details)
6604 Applied linguistics (Details)
6605 English language and literature (Details)
6611 Linguistics (Details)
6633 Computational linguistics (Details)
Google Scholar: Search