Quotation Tödtling, Franz, Auer, Alexander. 2021. Knowledge bases, innovation and multi-scalar relationships - Which kind of territorial boundedness of industrial clusters? In: The Globalization of Regional Clusters: Between Localization and Internationalization, Hrsg. Fornahl, Dirk und Grashof, Nils, 1-25. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.


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Abstract

Innovation is nowadays a highly interdependent process where firms rely on distributed knowledge sources at various spatial scales. It has been argued that innovation interactions are shifting increasingly from local/regional towards global scales and that the region as a space for supporting innovation and competitive-ness of firms is losing in importance. We suggest, however, that firms and clusters rely on various kinds of knowledge bases and factors for their development that differ in their geographical mobility and territorial boundedness. Whereas codified knowledge as well as many kinds of goods and services, investment capital, and people have become mobile at a global scale due to improvements of transport- and communication technologies and a lowering of trade barriers, we find other factors that are still territorially bound, such as tacit knowledge that is exchanged in local and social networks, and certain kinds institutions and regulations that are territorially confined. We investigate therefore for different types of industries to what extent and which kind of driving factors for cluster development and innovation have become non-local or footlose, or remain territorially bound to regions or countries. This also has relevance for regional and innovation policies that try to enhance the competitiveness of clusters and regional economies.

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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Chapter in edited volume
Language English
Title Knowledge bases, innovation and multi-scalar relationships - Which kind of territorial boundedness of industrial clusters?
Title of whole publication The Globalization of Regional Clusters: Between Localization and Internationalization
Editor Fornahl, Dirk und Grashof, Nils
Page from 1
Page to 25
Location Cheltenham
Publisher Edward Elgar
Year 2021
Reviewed? Y
Open Access N

Associations

Projects
Cluster life cycles – The role of actors, networks and institutions in emerging, growing, declining and renewing clusters
People
Tödtling, Franz (Details)
External
Auer, Alexander (WU, Austria)
Organization
Institute for Multi-Level Governance and Development IN (Details)
Research areas (ÖSTAT Classification 'Statistik Austria')
5329 Economics of location (Details)
5331 Structural policy (Details)
5350 Innovation research (Details)
5606 Spatial research (Details)
5608 Regional development planning (Details)
5611 Urban and regional analysis (Details)
5618 Regional economy (Details)
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