Quotation Bilger, Marcel, Shah, Mitesh, Tan, Ngiap Chuan, Howard, Kaye Louise, Xu, Hui Yan, Lamoureux, Ecosse Luc, Finkelstein, Eric Andrew. 2017. Trial to Incentivise Adherence for Diabetes (TRIAD): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials. 18 (1)




Many people with diabetes have suboptimal glycaemic control due to not being adherent to their treatment regimen. Behavioural economic theory suggests that the lack of adherence results from the disconnect between the timing of when costs and benefits accrue. One strategy to address this discontinuity is to offer patients a near-term benefit, such as a financial reward. Whereas there is evidence that rewards can improve treatment adherence and sometimes health outcomes, further research is needed to determine whether rewards are more effective when targeting processes or intermediary health outcomes. In the Trial to Incentivise Adherence for Diabetes (TRIAD) we test whether adding financial incentives to usual care can improve HbA1c levels among people with diabetes and whether the financial incentives work better when targeting processes (adherence to blood glucose testing, medication, and daily physical activity) or the primary intermediary health outcome of self-monitored blood glucose within an acceptable range.


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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation External
Type of publication Journal article
Journal Trials
Citation Index SCI
Language English
Title Trial to Incentivise Adherence for Diabetes (TRIAD): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial
Volume 18
Number 1
Year 2017
Reviewed? Y
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13063-017-2288-6
Open Access Y
Open Access Link https://trialsjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13063-017-2288-6


Bilger, Marcel (Details)
Finkelstein, Eric Andrew (Duke-NUS Medical School, Singapore)
Howard, Kaye Louise (Duke-NUS Medical School, Singapore)
Lamoureux, Ecosse Luc (Singapore National Eye Centre, Singapore)
Shah, Mitesh (SingHealth Polyclinics, Singapore)
Tan, Ngiap Chuan (SingHealth Polyclinics, Singapore)
Xu, Hui Yan (SingHealth Polyclinics, Singapore)
Health Economics and Policy Group AB (Details)
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