Quotation Brzozowska, Zuzanna. 2019. Demographic Techniques: Decomposition and Standardization. In The Blackwell Encyclopedia of Sociology, Hrsg. G. Ritzer, online: Blackwell.




Standardization is a technique applied to compare indicators between groups when differences in group characteristics affect the comparison. It uses the fact that the indicator of interest can be computed as a function of characteristic‐specific indicators, and produces the so‐called standardized indicators, which are adjusted to differences in group characteristics. For instance, crude death rate is a sum of age‐specific death rates multiplied by their respective age‐group proportions. Age‐standardized death rate is obtained by using a common (standard) age structure for the populations compared while keeping their age‐specific rates as observed. Decomposition takes the procedure one step further: It allocates the difference between the crude indicators into composition‐ and indicator‐related components.


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Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Encyclopedia article
Language English
Title Demographic Techniques: Decomposition and Standardization
Title of whole publication The Blackwell Encyclopedia of Sociology
Editor G. Ritzer
Location online
Publisher Blackwell
Year 2019
URL https://doi.org/10.1002/9781405165518.wbeosd019.pub2


Brzozowska, Zuzanna (Former researcher)
Demography Group AB (Former organization)
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