Quotation Schröder, Joris, Neumayr, Michaela. 2019. Civic Engagement in Times of Rising Inequality: How Socioeconomic Inequality Affects Charitable Giving, Volunteering and Nonprofit Membership. 48th Annual ARNOVA Conference, San Diego, Vereinigte Staaten/USA, 21.11-23.11.


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Abstract

Rising socio-economic inequality in many countries raises the question of how inequality affects individuals’ civic engagement in the forms of charitable giving, volunteering and non-profit membership. Though a growing body of multidisciplinary literature has started to address this issue, empirical results and the theories applied to explain this relationship vary considerably. We thus conduct a systematic literature review to (a) provide a synopsis of empirical findings and (b) identify theoretical explanations and corresponding mediating mechanisms behind this relationship. Reviewing 70 articles, we find that higher inequality is most often negatively related to civic engagement, and that this effect is moderated by individual factors, for example income and education. We further disentangle the theoretical explanations, such as social integration and conflict theory, and discuss the respective underlying mechanisms at the individual level (e.g. generalized social trust). To conclude our analysis, we conceptualize the mechanisms in a comprehensive framework for this relationship.

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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Paper presented at an academic conference or symposium
Language English
Title Civic Engagement in Times of Rising Inequality: How Socioeconomic Inequality Affects Charitable Giving, Volunteering and Nonprofit Membership
Event 48th Annual ARNOVA Conference
Year 2019
Date 21.11-23.11
Country United States/USA
Location San Diego
URL https://www.arnova.org/page/conference2019
JEL D31, D64, D91

Associations

Projects
Understanding Private Philanthropy in the European Context: What drives Charitable Giving and which Causes benefit?
People
Neumayr, Michaela (Details)
External
Schröder, Joris (wiiw, Austria)
Organization
Institute for Nonprofit Management IN (Details)
Research areas (ÖSTAT Classification 'Statistik Austria')
5363 Non-profit-sector research (NPO, NPI) (Details)
5911 Social policy (Details)
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