Quotation Leitner, Sebastian, Landesmann, Michael, Kohlenberger, Judith, Buber-Ennser, Isabella, Rengs, Bernhard. 2019. The effects of stressors and resilience factors on mental health of recent refugees in Austria.


RIS


BibTeX

Abstract

Given the exposure to stressors in their home countries, during their migration and in the phase after arrival, refugees are particularly vulnerable to mental health problems. At the same time, their access to adequate healthcare and other social infrastructure might be hampered by factors such as lack of knowledge as well as cultural and language barriers. In addition to other factors, this reduces their ability to take part in social activities as well as their integration into the labour market of the host societies. We examine the prevalence of mental disorders in the refugee population from Afghanistan, Iraq and Syria who arrived in Austria recently, drawing on data from a refugee survey conducted between December 2017 and April 2018 in Austria with a specific focus on Vienna, Salzburg, Graz, Linz and Innsbruck (FIMAS+INTEGRATION). We found a high share of refugees (32%) to have moderate or severe mental health problems. In particular, young refugees (15-34 years) show higher risk levels. When investigating the effects of stressors on the mental health situation, we found a positive association with e.g. experienced discrimination in Austria and the fear for partners and children left behind. In contrast, the results show a negative correlation for a couple of mitigating factors that foster resilience, i.e. proficiency in the German language, being employed (including volunteer work), having more supportive relationships and satisfaction with the housing situation.

Tags

Press 'enter' for creating the tag

Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Working/discussion paper, preprint
Language English
Title The effects of stressors and resilience factors on mental health of recent refugees in Austria.
Year 2019
URL https://wiiw.ac.at/the-effect-of-stressors-and-resilience-factors-on-mental-health-of-recent-refugees-in-austria-p-5105.html

Associations

Projects
Refugee Health and Integration Survey
People
Kohlenberger, Judith (Details)
External
Buber-Ennser, Isabella (VID/ÖAW, Austria)
Landesmann, Michael (Wiener Institut für Internationale Wirtschaftsvergleiche, Austria)
Leitner, Sebastian (Wiener Institut für Internationale Wirtschaftsvergleiche, Austria)
Rengs, Bernhard (VID/ÖAW, Austria)
Organization
Institute for Social Policy IN (Details)
Research areas (ÖSTAT Classification 'Statistik Austria')
5404 Demography (Details)
5428 Migration research, emigration - (Details)
5911 Social policy (Details)
Google Scholar: Search