Quotation Miko-Schefzig, Katharina. 2019. Loitering forbidden - The Perception of Security in Public Spaces as Arena of Negotiation of Public Order. Practice-based perspecitves in organizational psychology - A research conference celebrating the 40-year anniversary of the Research Institute of Organizational Psychology, St. Gallen, Schweiz, 19.09. - 20.09.


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Abstract

My research focuses on the public’s perception of security or lack of security in public spaces, with a special focus on the actions of the powerful organization police. Security has been a central topic in national, European and global contexts since the early 2000s. The political claim “We must increase security for citizens” is a central narrative, motivating many important police activities, hence has major influence on social actors and the meso-level of organizations (eg. police, social work) working in the security field. My project is methodologically embedded within the situational and discourse analysis of Clarke and Keller and goes further back to the classic works of Goffman about social interaction and social order in public spaces developed in the 1950s. Security has been a central topic for discourse analysis in the Foucauldian tradition ; in my research I use the Sociology of Knowledge Approach to Discourse (SKAD) framework and Situational Analysis for concrete problematic situations in Austrian urban areas. To link the analysis of security discourses with the (i) perception of security and the (ii) actual practices in concrete problematic situations (recently discussed as subjectivation ), I have developed a research method, the vignette-based focus group. This method elicits vignettes (short narratives about specific scenarios), to focus on particular situations (e.g. involving conflict between ethnic groups) in specific public spaces (e.g. a limited geographical area). Grounded in empiric data, this paper combines the sociological concept of the situation (and its practices) with a SKAD focus, conceptualizing the organisation (in my example the police) as a mediator between the sphere of practices and the sphere of discourses.

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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Paper presented at an academic conference or symposium
Language English
Title Loitering forbidden - The Perception of Security in Public Spaces as Arena of Negotiation of Public Order
Event Practice-based perspecitves in organizational psychology - A research conference celebrating the 40-year anniversary of the Research Institute of Organizational Psychology
Year 2019
Date 19.09. - 20.09.
Country Switzerland
Location St. Gallen
URL https://opsy.unisg.ch/de/events/practice-based-perspectives-in-orgpsy

Associations

People
Miko-Schefzig, Katharina (Details)
Organization
Competence Center for Empirical Research Methods WE (Details)
Research areas (ÖSTAT Classification 'Statistik Austria')
5402 General sociology (Details)
5405 Empirical social research (Details)
5413 Sociological methods (Details)
5430 Sociology of law (Details)
5433 Gender studies (Details)
6525 Urban history (Details)
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