Quotation Günther, Elisabeth Anna, Humbert, Anne Laure, Kelan, Elisabeth Kristina. 2018. Gender vs. Sex. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Business and Management.


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Abstract

Gender research goes beyond adding sex as an independent, explanatory category. To conduct gender research in the field of business and management, therefore, it is important to apply a more sophisticated understanding of gender that resonates with contemporary gender theory. This entails taking the social construction of gender and its implications for research into consideration. Seeing gender as a social construct means that the perception of “women” and “men,” of “femininity/ties” and “masculinity/ties,” is the outcome of an embodied social practice. Gender research is commonly sensitive to notions of how power is reproduced and challenges concepts such as “hegemonic masculinity” and “heteronormativity.” The first highlights power relations between gender groups, as well as the different types of existing masculinities. The latter emphasizes the pressure to rely on a binary concept of “women” and “men” and how this is related to heterosexuality, desire, and the body. Gender research needs to avoid the pitfalls of a narrow, essentialist concept of “women” and “men” that draws on this binary understanding of gender. It is also important to notice that not all women (or men) share the same experiences. The critique of Black feminists and scholars from the global South promoted the idea of intersectionality and postcolonialism within gender research. Intersectionality addresses the entanglement of gender with other social categories, such as age, class, disability, race, or religion, while postcolonial approaches criticize the neglect of theory and methodology originating in the global South and question the prevalence of concepts from the global North.

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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation External
Type of publication Journal article
Journal Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Business and Management
Language English
Title Gender vs. Sex
Year 2018
Reviewed? Y
URL https://oxfordre.com/business/view/10.1093/acrefore/9780190224851.001.0001/acrefore-9780190224851-e-58
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780190224851.013.58
Open Access Y

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Günther, Elisabeth Anna (Details)
External
Humbert, Anne Laure (Cranfield School of Management, United Kingdom)
Kelan, Elisabeth Kristina (Cranfield School of Management, United Kingdom)
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