Quotation Rabta, Boualem, Wankmüller, Christian, Reiner, Gerald. 2018. A drone fleet model for last-mile distribution in disaster relief operations. In Proceedings of 20th International Working Seminar on Production Economics, Pre-Prints, Vol. 4, Hrsg. Grubbström, R.W, Hinterhuber, H.H., Lundquist, J. (Eds), 153-166. Innsbruck: -


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Abstract

facilities, the disruption of health systems and the breakdown of already on-going treatments in case of emergency. Contaminated water and poor sanitation conditions combined with low vaccination coverage often leads to water, air- and vector borne diseases, e.g. cholera, hepatitis or malaria, as it was observable in the diarrhoea outbreak in the Cup of Horn crisis in 2011. In addition to these circumstances, aid agencies are often confronted with poor or inexistent infrastructure that is further disrupted in case of disasters. As the supply via trucks and helicopters is not applicable in these regions, alternative means of transport have to be taken into consideration. Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), or drones, are receiving increased attention by humanitarian organizations as they can support overcoming last-mile distribution problems, i.e. inaccessibility to cut-off regions. This paper considers drone application in last-mile distribution in humanitarian logistics and presents an optimization model focusing the delivery of multiple packages of lightweight relief items (e.g. vaccine, ready-to-use therapeutic food packages, etc.) via drones to a certain number of remote locations within a disaster prone area. The objective of the model is to minimize the total traveling distance (or time/cost) of the drone under capacity and energy constraints while recharging stations are installed to allow the extension of the operating distance of the drone. Different priority policies could also be implemented. The model is solved as an integer linear program and illustrated with different scenarios.

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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Contribution to conference proceedings
Language English
Title A drone fleet model for last-mile distribution in disaster relief operations
Title of whole publication Proceedings of 20th International Working Seminar on Production Economics, Pre-Prints, Vol. 4
Editor Grubbström, R.W, Hinterhuber, H.H., Lundquist, J. (Eds)
Page from 153
Page to 166
Location Innsbruck
Publisher -
Year 2018
URL https://www.uibk.ac.at/smt/production-economics/
Open Access N
JEL M11

Associations

People
Reiner, Gerald (Details)
External
Rabta, Boualem (Alpen-Adria-Universität Klagenfurt, Austria)
Wankmüller, Christian (Alpen-Adria-Universität Klagenfurt, Austria)
Organization
Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM) (Details)
Research Institute for Supply Chain Management FI (Details)
Research areas (ÖSTAT Classification 'Statistik Austria')
1133 Computer-aided simulation (Details)
5307 Business and management economics (Details)
5316 Industrial management (Details)
5326 Production research (Details)
5354 Business logistics (Details)
5365 Quality management (Details)
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