Quotation Biber-Freudenberger, Lisa, Basukala, Amit Kumar, Bruckner, Martin, Börner, Jan. 2018. Sustainability Performance of National Bio-Economies. Sustainability. 10 (8), 2705




An increasing number of countries develop bio-economy strategies to promote a stronger reliance on the efficient use of renewable biological resources in order to meet multiple sustainability challenges. At the global scale, however, bio-economies are diverse, with sectors such as agriculture, forestry, energy, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, as well as science and education. In this study, we developed a typology of bio-economies based on country-specific characteristics, and describe five different bio-economy types with varying degrees of importance in the primary and the high-tech sector. We also matched the bio-economy types against the foci of their bio-economy strategies and evaluated their sustainability performance. Overall, high-tech bio-economies seem to be more diversified in terms of their policy strategies while the policies of those relying on the primary sector are focused on bioenergy and high-tech industries. In terms of sustainability performance, indicators suggest that diversified high-tech economies have experienced a slight sustainability improvement, especially in terms of resource consumption. Footprints remain, however, at the highest levels compared to all other bio-economy types with large amounts of resources and raw materials being imported from other countries. These results highlight the necessity of developed high-tech bio-economies to further decrease their environmental footprint domestically and internationally, and the importance of biotechnology innovation transfer after critical and comprehensive sustainability assessments.


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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Journal article
Journal Sustainability
Citation Index SSCI
WU-Journal-Rating new STRAT-C
Language English
Title Sustainability Performance of National Bio-Economies
Volume 10
Number 8
Year 2018
Page from 2705
Reviewed? Y
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/su10082705
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/su10082705
Open Access Y
Open Access Link https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/10/8/2705


Bonn BioMRIO
Bruckner, Martin (Details)
Basukala, Amit Kumar (Center for Development Research, University of Bonn, Germany)
Biber-Freudenberger, Lisa (Center for Development Research, University of Bonn, Germany)
Börner, Jan (Center for Development Research, University of Bonn, Germany)
Institute for Ecological Economics IN (Details)
Research areas (ÖSTAT Classification 'Statistik Austria')
2944 Human ecology (Details)
2959 Sustainable development, sustainable economics (Details)
4119 Regenerable raw materials (Details)
4907 Interdisciplinary agricultural and forestry science (Details)
4924 Sustainable development, sustainable economics (Details)
5353 Environmental economics (Details)
5368 Sustainable development, sustainable economics (Details)
5914 Environmental research (Details)
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