Quotation Łaszewska, Agata, Österle, August, Wancata, Johannes, Simon, Judit. 2018. Prevalence of Mental Diseases in Austria. Systematic Review of the Published Evidence. Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift. 130 (3-4), 141-150.


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Abstract

Addressing the growing burden of mental diseases is a public health priority. Nevertheless, many countries lack reliable estimates of the proportion of the population affected, which are crucial for health and social policy planning. This study aimed to collect existing evidence on the prevalence of mental diseases in Austria. A systematic review was conducted using MeSH, EMTREE and free-text terms in seven bibliographic databases. In addition, the references of included papers and relevant Austria-specific websites were searched. Articles published after 1996 pertaining to the Austrian adult population and presenting prevalence data for mental diseases were included in the analysis. A total of 2612 records were identified in the database search, 19 of which were included in the analysis, 13 were community-based studies and 6 examined institutionalized populations. Sample sizes ranged from 200 to 15,474. The evidence was centered around depression (n = 6, 32%), eating disorders (n = 4, 21%) and alcohol dependence (n = 3, 16%). While most studies (n = 10, 53%) used questionnaires and scales to identify mental diseases, seven studies used structured clinical interviews, and two studies examined use of psychotropic drugs. Due to the diversity of methodologies, no statistical pooling of prevalence estimates was possible. Information on the prevalence of mental diseases in Austria is limited and comparability between studies is restricted. A variety of diagnostic instruments, targeted populations and investigated diseases contribute to discrepancies in the prevalence rates. A systematic, large-scale study on the prevalence of mental diseases in Austria is needed for comprehensive and robust epidemiological evidence.

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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Journal article
Journal Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Citation Index SCI
Language English
Title Prevalence of Mental Diseases in Austria. Systematic Review of the Published Evidence
Volume 130
Number 3-4
Year 2018
Page from 141
Page to 150
Reviewed? Y
DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s00508-018-1316-1
Open Access Y
Open Access Link https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00508-018-1316-1

Associations

People
Österle, August (Details)
External
Simon, Judit (Medical University of Vienna, Austria)
Wancata, Johannes (Medical University of Vienna, Austria)
Łaszewska, Agata (Medical University of Vienna, Austria)
Organization
Institute for Social Policy IN (Details)
Research areas (ÖSTAT Classification 'Statistik Austria')
3911 Economics of the health system (Details)
5346 Economics of the health system (Details)
5911 Social policy (Details)
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