Quotation Böheim, Rene, Leoni, Thomas. 2017. Sickness and disability policies: Reform paths in OECD countries between 1990 and 2014. International Journal of Social Welfare ,




We analysed sickness and disability policies for the working-age population in a number of OECD countries, between the years 1990 and 2014. Existing evidence suggests that there has been a broad shift in focus from passive income maintenance to employment incentives and reintegration policies. We have updated detailed policy scores provided by the OECD to estimate model-based country clusters. Our results indicate that countries have pursued different types of reforms consisting of a combination of integration and compensation measures. The reforms of recent decades have led to the emergence of a distinct cluster of Northern and Continental European countries characterised by a combination of strong employment-oriented policies and comparatively high social protection levels. An analysis of recent reforms shows a continued expansion of measures that foster employment as well as instances of retrenchment in the compensation dimension. Diversity of policy settings across country groups, however, remains substantial.


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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation External
Type of publication Journal article
Journal International Journal of Social Welfare
Citation Index SSCI
Language English
Title Sickness and disability policies: Reform paths in OECD countries between 1990 and 2014
Year 2017
Reviewed? Y
URL http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ijsw.12295/full
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ijsw.12295


Böheim, Rene (Former researcher)
Leoni, Thomas (Wirtschaftsforschungsinstitut Wien, Austria)
Research areas (ÖSTAT Classification 'Statistik Austria')
5304 Labour market research (Details)
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