Quotation Limaj, Everist, Bernroider, Edward. 2019. The roles of absorptive capacity and cultural balance for exploratory and exploitative innovation in SMEs. Journal of Business Research. 94 137-153.




This study investigates whether balanced forms of organizational cultures moderate the effects of potential and realized absorptive capacities (ACs) to simultaneously generate exploratory and exploitative innovations. Using empirical survey data collected from 138 small to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), we applied partial least squares (PLS) structural equation modeling (SEM) combined with mediation and moderation analyses to test our hypotheses. Our results show that the effects of potential AC on organizations' exploratory and exploitative innovations are fully mediated by the organizations' realized AC. The positive effects of realized AC on innovation are contingent on the overall cultural balance of the organization, which, however, does not affect the strong link between potential AC and realized AC. We thus provide novel empirical insights into the multi-dimensional nature of AC and the importance of cultural equilibrium for both exploratory and exploitative innovation, which is of particular importance for ambidextrous SMEs facing dynamic markets.


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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Journal article
Journal Journal of Business Research
Citation Index SSCI
WU Journalrating 2009 A
WU-Journal-Rating new FIN-A, INF-A, STRAT-B, VW-C, WH-B
Language English
Title The roles of absorptive capacity and cultural balance for exploratory and exploitative innovation in SMEs
Volume 94
Year 2019
Page from 137
Page to 153
Reviewed? Y
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2017.10.052
Open Access Y


Limaj, Everist (Details)
Bernroider, Edward (Details)
Information Systems and Operations Management DP (Details)
Research Institute for Computational Methods FI (Details)
Institute for Information Management and Control IN (Details)
Research areas (Ă–STAT Classification 'Statistik Austria')
5300 Economics (Details)
5306 Business data processing (Details)
5364 Project management (Details)
5367 Management information systems (Details)
5405 Empirical social research (Details)
5937 Information systems (Details)
5941 Information society (Details)
5943 Risk research (Details)
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