Quotation Sauer, Petra. 2016. The Role of Age and Gender in Education Expansion. INEQ Working Paper Series 4.




Using the IIASA/VID dataset of populations by age, sex and level of education, I calculate education Gini coeffients and decompose the overall degree of educational in- equality into age, sex and within-group components. I analyze the relative relevance of these components for inequality reduction and investigate the distributional outcomes of education expansion. I find that, on average, equalization between males and females, younger and older cohorts as well as within these subgroups of the population has signif- icantly contributed to declining educational inequality over the observed sample period around the globe. But the relative role of these components fluctuates in the process of education expansion. First, as improvements are initiated by enhancing the educational opportunities of the youth, the gap between cohorts widens in transition phases but van- ishes thereafter. Second, gaps between sexes have been reduced but are predicted to widen again if either males or females are the first to enter higher education levels. To a lesser extent, this is also true for gaps within population subgroups which can be due to the ethnic background or the social and economic status of people.


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  • INEQ Inequality & Society

Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Working/discussion paper, preprint
Language English
Title The Role of Age and Gender in Education Expansion
Title of whole publication INEQ Working Paper Series 4
Year 2016
URL http://epub.wu.ac.at/5186/1/WP4_educineq_decomposition.pdf
JEL I24, I25


Sauer, Petra (Details)
Department of Economics (Crespo Cuaresma) (Details)
Research areas (Ă–STAT Classification 'Statistik Austria')
5300 Economics (Details)
5323 Econometrics (Details)
5334 Political economic policy (Details)
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