Quotation Gassen, Jonas Bulegon, Mendling, Jan, Bouzeghoub, Amel, Thom , Lucinéia Heloisa, Oliveira , José Palazzo. 2017. An experiment on an ontology-based support approach for process modeling. Information and Software Technology (Elsevier) 83, 94-115.


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Abstract

Context: Recent research discusses the use of ontologies, dictionaries and thesaurus as a means to improve activity labels of process models. However, the trade-off between quality improvement and extra effort is still an open question. It is suspected that ontology-based support could require additional effort for the modeler. Objective: In this paper, we investigate to which degree ontology-based support potentially increases the effort of modeling. We develop a theoretical perspective grounded in cognitive psychology, which leads us to the definition of three design principles for appropriate ontology-based support. The objective is to evaluate the design principles through empirical experimentation. Method: We tested the effect of presenting relevant content from the ontology to the modeler by means of a quantitative analysis. We performed controlled experiments using a prototype, which generates a simplified and context-aware visual representation of the ontology. It logs every action of the process modeler for analysis. The experiment refers to novice modelers and was performed as between-subject design with vs. without ontology-based support. It was carried out with two different samples. Results: Part of the effort-related variables we measured showed significant statistical difference between the group with and without ontology-based support. Overall, for the collected data, the ontology support achieved good results. Conclusion: We conclude that it is feasible to provide ontology-based support to the modeler in order to improve process modeling without strongly compromising time consumption and cognitive effort.

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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Journal article
Journal Information and Software Technology (Elsevier)
Citation Index SCI
WU-Journal-Rating new INF-A
Language English
Title An experiment on an ontology-based support approach for process modeling
Volume 83
Year 2017
Page from 94
Page to 115
Reviewed? Y
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.infsof.2016.11.005
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.infsof.2016.11.005

Associations

People
Mendling, Jan (Details)
External
Bouzeghoub, Amel (Télécom SudParis, France)
Gassen, Jonas Bulegon (Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil)
Oliveira , José Palazzo (Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil)
Thom , Lucinéia Heloisa (Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil)
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