Quotation Mochizuki, Junko, Toyasaki, Fuminori, Falagara Sigala, Ioanna. 2015. Toward resilient humanitarian cooperation: examining the performance of horizontal cooperation among humanitarian organizations using an agent-based modeling (ABM) approach. Journal of Natural Disaster Science 36 (2), 35-52.


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Abstract

This article proposes a multi-agent simulation model to examine how different operational environments and incentive mechanisms affect the collective performance of complex humanitarian response systems. Using the UN Humanitarian Response Depot (UNHRD) system as an example, a stylized model of one service provider, two member organizations and multiple humanitarian crises is developed to illustrate the changing uses of four alternative relief goods sourcing options, namely: i) own storage for own items ii) UN storage for own items iii) stock-swaps and iv) white stock uses. Under the plausible assumption that the past success of sourcing options influences member organizations’ future resource allocation, the model indicates that the additional buffer stock capacity offered by horizontal cooperation induces undesirable system dependency: while it gives member organizations more flexibility to meet highly stochastic demands under uncertainty, it also encourages them to store less of their own relief goods as a result. This tendency was particularly notable under a flexible budgeting regime, highlighting the further need to understand and evaluate the details of the decision-making heuristics of individual member organizations.

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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Journal article
Journal Journal of Natural Disaster Science
Language English
Title Toward resilient humanitarian cooperation: examining the performance of horizontal cooperation among humanitarian organizations using an agent-based modeling (ABM) approach
Volume 36
Number 2
Year 2015
Page from 35
Page to 52
Reviewed? Y
URL http://jsnds.org/jnds/36_2_3.pdf
DOI n.a.

Associations

People
Falagara Sigala, Ioanna (Former researcher)
External
Mochizuki, Junko ( Risk Policy and Vulnerability Program, the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Austria)
Toyasaki, Fuminori (School of Administrative Studies, York University, Canada)
Organization
Institute for Transport and Logistics Management (Details)
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