Quotation Berger, Ulrich, Grüne, Ansgar. 2016. On the stability of cooperation under indirect reciprocity with first-order information. Games and Economic Behavior 98, 19-33.




Indirect reciprocity describes a class of reputation-based mechanisms which may explain the prevalence of cooperation in large groups where partners meet only once. The first model for which this has been demonstrated was the image scoring mechanism. But analytical work on the simplest possible case, the binary scoring model, has shown that even small errors in implementation destabilize any cooperative regime. It has thus been claimed that for indirect reciprocity to stabilize cooperation, assessments of reputation must be based on higher-order information. Is indirect reciprocity relying on first-order information doomed to fail? We use a simple analytical model of image scoring to show that this need not be the case. Indeed, in the general image scoring model the introduction of implementation errors has just the opposite effect as in the binary scoring model: it may stabilize instead of destabilize cooperation.


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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Journal article
Journal Games and Economic Behavior
Citation Index SSCI
WU Journalrating 2009 A
WU-Journal-Rating new FIN-A, VW-A, WH-B
Language English
Title On the stability of cooperation under indirect reciprocity with first-order information
Volume 98
Year 2016
Page from 19
Page to 33
Reviewed? Y
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geb.2016.05.003
JEL C72, D83


Berger, Ulrich (Details)
Grüne, Ansgar (privat, Germany)
Department of Economics (Berger) (Details)
Research areas (ÖSTAT Classification 'Statistik Austria')
1130 Biomathematics (Details)
1152 Game theory (Details)
5335 Political economic theory (Details)
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