Quotation Eisenmenger, Nina, Wiedenhofer, Dominik, Schaffartzik, Anke, Giljum, Stefan, Bruckner, Martin, Schandl, Heinz, Wiedmann, Thomas, Lenzen, Manfred, Tukker, Arnold, Arjan, de Koning. 2016. Consumption-based material flow indicators - Comparing six ways of calculating the Austrian raw material consumption providing six results. Ecological Economics 128, 177-186.


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Abstract

Understanding the environmental implications of consumption and production depends on appropriate monitoring tools. Material flow accounting (MFA) is a method to monitor natural resource use by countries and has been widely used in research and policy. However, the increasing globalization requires the consideration of ‘embodied’ material use of traded products. The indicator raw material consumption (RMC) represents the material use – no matter where in the world it occurs – associated with domestic final demand. It provides a consumption-based perspective complementary to the MFA indicators that have a territorial focus. Several studies on RMC have been presented recently but with diverging results; hence, a better understanding of the underlying differences is needed. This article presents a comparison of Austrian RMC for the year 2007 calculated by six different approaches (3 multi-regional input–output (MRIO) and 3 hybrid life-cycle analysis-IO approaches). Five approaches result in an RMC higher than the domestic material consumption (DMC). One hybrid LCA-IO approach calculates RMC to be lower than DMC. For specific material categories, results diverge by 50% or more. Due to the policy relevance of the RMC and DMC indicators it is paramount that their robustness is enhanced, which needs both data and method harmonization.

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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Journal article
Journal Ecological Economics
Citation Index SSCI
WU Journalrating 2009 A
WU-Journal-Rating new FIN-A, STRAT-B, VW-C, WH-B
Language English
Title Consumption-based material flow indicators - Comparing six ways of calculating the Austrian raw material consumption providing six results
Volume 128
Year 2016
Page from 177
Page to 186
Reviewed? Y
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2016.03.010

Associations

People
Giljum, Stefan (Details)
Bruckner, Martin (Details)
External
Arjan, de Koning (Institute of Environmental Sciences (CML), Leiden University, Netherlands)
Eisenmenger, Nina (Institute for Social Ecology, University of Klagenfurt, Austria)
Lenzen, Manfred (University of Sydney, Australia)
Schaffartzik, Anke (Institute for Social Ecology, University of Klagenfurt, Austria)
Schandl, Heinz (CSIRO, Australia)
Tukker, Arnold (Institute of Environmental Sciences (CML), Leiden University, Netherlands)
Wiedenhofer, Dominik (Institute for Social Ecology, University of Klagenfurt, Austria)
Wiedmann, Thomas (University of Sydney, Australia)
Organization
Institute for Ecological Economics IN (Details)
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