Quotation Sardadvar, Sascha, Reiner, Christian. 2015. The long-run distribution of human capital endowments across regions and its impact on employment: evidence from Austria. Empirica tba (tba): tba-tba.


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Abstract

Studies conducted for the US have found a positive effect of human capital endowments on employment growth, with human capital endowments diverging at the same time. In contrast, studies for European countries have found convergence of human capital endowments. This paper tests these relationships for the 99 Austrian districts for the observation period 1971-2011 by estimating how the presence of high-skilled employment affects total, low-skilled and high-skilled employment growth. To this end, OLS, fixed-effects and first-difference regressions are estimated. The results indicate continuous convergence of high-skilled employment which, however, slowed downed significantly since the 1990s. In contrast to previous studies, evidence for positive effects of high-skilled on total and low-skilled employment is only weak and varies over time. Furthermore, the results show that total and high-skilled employment in suburban areas grew faster than in other regions, while districts which bordered the Eastern Bloc were disadvantaged. Nevertheless, spatial neighbourhood effects within Austria are only weak.

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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Journal article
Journal Empirica
Language English
Title The long-run distribution of human capital endowments across regions and its impact on employment: evidence from Austria
Volume tba
Number tba
Year 2015
Page from tba
Page to tba
Reviewed? Y

Associations

Projects
Vienna as a migration goal for human resources: Vienna's role as the core of Austria’s economy and the influence of Central and Eastern European migration trends
People
Sardadvar, Sascha (Former researcher)
Reiner, Christian (Former researcher)
Organization
Institute for Economic Policy and Industrial Economics IN (Details)
Institute for Economic Geography and GIScience IN (Details)
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