Quotation Tödtling, Franz, Höglinger, Christoph, Sinozic, Tanja, Auer, Alexander. 2014. Factors for the Emergence and Growth of Environmental Technology Industries in Upper Austria. Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Geographischen Gesellschaft 156 1-25.




Environmental technologies are considered a growing industry driven by urging climate, energy and waste problems and related regulations, among others. However, not all locations have the same preconditions for its emergence and growth. Based on regional economic, geographic and cluster theories it can be argued that particular factor and demand conditions, regional industry structures and institutional configurations play a role, but so far this has not been sufficiently explored. This paper focuses on the region of Upper Austria [Oberösterreich] that has a highly developed environmental technology industry. The sector has evolved since the beginning of the 1970s with roots in engineering, machinery, and instruments firms and has experienced fast growth and transformation. The paper explores the development of this sector in Upper Austria and the factors and conditions affecting it. Characteristics and performance of the regional industry are compared to the national level. Empirical findings are based on national survey data covering the period 1993 to 2007, exploratory interviews with local industry experts and stakeholders and recent materials. Findings suggest that the region is one of the dominant locations for environmental technologies in Austria in terms of number of firms and employees and that it has been characterised by high growth and expanding export markets. The sector seems to benefit from pre-existing industries and engineering competences and is supported by two cluster initiatives in the region.


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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Journal article
Journal Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Geographischen Gesellschaft
Citation Index SSCI
Language English
Title Factors for the Emergence and Growth of Environmental Technology Industries in Upper Austria
Volume 156
Year 2014
Page from 1
Page to 25
Reviewed? Y


Cluster life cycles – The role of actors, networks and institutions in emerging, growing, declining and renewing clusters
Tödtling, Franz (Details)
Höglinger, Christoph (Former researcher)
Sinozic, Tanja (Former researcher)
Auer, Alexander (Former researcher)
Institute for Multi-Level Governance and Development IN (Details)
Research Institute for Spatial and Real Estate Economics FI (Details)
Research areas (ÖSTAT Classification 'Statistik Austria')
1807 Economic geography (Details)
5300 Economics (Details)
5329 Economics of location (Details)
5331 Structural policy (Details)
5611 Urban and regional analysis (Details)
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