Quotation Maier, Florentine, Meyer, Michael, Steinbereithner, Martin. 2016. Nonprofit Organizations Becoming Business-Like: A Systematic Review. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly 45 (1), 64-86.




By now, the becoming business-like of nonprofit NPOs is a well-established global phenomenon which has received ever-growing attention from management and organization studies over the past three decades or so. However, the field remains hard to grasp in its entirety, as researchers use a multitude of similar, yet distinct, key concepts. The considerable range and complexity of these overlapping notions create three major challenges: Scholars struggle to position their work in a larger context; it is not easy to build on previous findings and methodological developments; and research gaps are difficult to identify. The present paper presents the first systematic literature review to confront those challenges, by reviewing 442 relevant sources. In a first step, the different key concepts are clarified. Secondly, the field is mapped according to three research foci: causes of NPOs becoming business-like; organizational structures and processes of becoming business-like; and effects of becoming business-like. From this we draw conclusions and make suggestions for further research.


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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Journal article
Journal Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly
Citation Index SSCI
WU Journalrating 2009 A
WU-Journal-Rating new INF-A, MAN-A, STRAT-B, VW-C, WH-B
Language English
Title Nonprofit Organizations Becoming Business-Like: A Systematic Review
Volume 45
Number 1
Year 2016
Page from 64
Page to 86
Reviewed? Y
URL http://nvs.sagepub.com/content/early/2014/12/11/0899764014561796.full.pdf+html
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0899764014561796


Managerialism in Nonprofit Organizations
Maier, Florentine (Details)
Meyer, Michael (Details)
Steinbereithner, Martin (Former researcher)
Interdisciplinary Institute for Management and Organizational Behavior IN (Details)
Institute for Nonprofit Management IN (Details)
Competence Center for Nonprofit Organizations and Social Entrepreneurship WE (Details)
Competence Center for Sustainability Transformation and Responsibility WE (Details)
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