Quotation Bittschi, Benjamin, Pennerstorfer, Astrid, Schneider, Ulrike. 2015. Paid and unpaid labor in nonprofit organizations: Does the substitution effect exist? British Journal of Industrial Relations 53 (4): S. 789-815.




In non-profit organizations (NPOs), volunteers often work alongside paid workers. Such a co-production setting can lead to tension between the two worker groups. This article examines for the first time if and how volunteers influence the separation of paid employees, and thus it contributes to the debate over whether volunteers can substitute paid workers. Using Austrian data at the organizational level, we find a significant impact of volunteers on the separations of paid workers in NPOs facing increased competition. These findings support the assumption that a partial substitution effect exists between paid workers and volunteers.


Press 'enter' for creating the tag

Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Journal article
Journal British Journal of Industrial Relations
Citation Index SSCI
WU Journalrating 2009 A
WU-Journal-Rating new MAN-A, VW-C, WH-A
Language English
Title Paid and unpaid labor in nonprofit organizations: Does the substitution effect exist?
Volume 53
Number 4
Year 2015
Page from 789
Page to 815
Reviewed? Y
URL http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/bjir.12071/abstract
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjir.12071


Bittschi, Benjamin (Details)
Pennerstorfer, Astrid (Details)
Schneider, Ulrike (Details)
Institute for Social Policy IN (Details)
Research areas (Ă–STAT Classification 'Statistik Austria')
5300 Economics (Details)
5334 Political economic policy (Details)
5341 Economic policy (Details)
5363 Non-profit-sector research (NPO, NPI) (Details)
5903 Labour market policy (Details)
5911 Social policy (Details)
Google Scholar: Search