Starjournal Quotation Fjelstad, Oystein, Snow, Charles, Miles, Raymond, Lettl, Christopher. 2012. The architecture of collaboration. Strategic Management Journal, 33:, 734-750.




Firms increasingly face competitive pressures related to rapid and continuous adaptation to a complex, dynamic, and highly interconnected global environment. Pressing challenges include keeping pace with shorter product life cycles, incorporating multiple technologies into the design of new products, cocreating products and services with customers and partners, and leveraging the growth of scientific and technical knowledge in many sectors. In response, we observe experimentation with new organization designs that are fundamentally different from existing forms of organizing. We propose that these new designs are based on an actor‐oriented architectural scheme composed of three main elements: (1) actors who have the capabilities and values to self‐organize; (2) commons where the actors accumulate and share resources; and (3) protocols, processes, and infrastructures that enable multi‐actor collaboration. We demonstrate the usefulness of the actor‐oriented scheme by applying it to organizations drawn from four different sectors: global professional services, open source software development, computer equipment, and national defense. We discuss the implications of the actor‐oriented architectural scheme for future research on organizational forms as well as for managers who are involved in designing organizations.


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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Journal article
Journal Strategic Management Journal
Citation Index SSCI
WU Journalrating 2009 A+
Starjournal Y
Language English
Title The architecture of collaboration
Volume 33:
Year 2012
Page from 734
Page to 750
Reviewed? Y
Open Access N


Snow, Charles (Former researcher)
Lettl, Christopher (Details)
Fjelstad, Oystein (BI/Norwegian School of Management, Norway)
Miles, Raymond (University of California - Berkeley - Haas School of Business, United States/USA)
Institute for Strategy, Technology and Organization IN (Details)
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