Quotation Sing, Christine Simone. 2011. Adjectives in Cognitive Grammar - A usage-based Account. The Third Conference of the Scandinavian Association for Language and Cognition (SALC III), Kopenhagen, Dänemark, 14.06.-16.06.


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Abstract

Semantically complex linguistic structures have regularly presented a challenge to studies of meaning, inclusive of cognitive semantics. Compounding the well-known difficulties arising from the 'semantic flexibility'of word meanings, the problems multiply when the linguistic category concerned is an adjective. This 'old problem' results from attributes within the category ADJECTIVE itself since "all adjectives are predisposed for certain properties both in the content domain and the schematic domain". In fact, this distinction between 'semantic' and 'functional' domains reflects the traditional subdivision into content and function words and thus still leaves a significant gap in the study of adjectival meaning - as is the case with the claim that, as premodifiers, adjectives directly assign properties to the noun's semantic structure. It is this gap that the present study proposes to fill in providing a usage-based, cognitive-grammar account of adjectival meaning. Adopting a fresh perspective, the corpus-based analysis rests on the assumption that the construal of adjectives in discourse is governed by the constraining influences of sentences schemas and constructions. Moreover, following Taylor (2002: 449), it will be argued that the "complexity of [adjectives] resides, not so much in the nature of the profile as in what is not profiled, [i.e.] the background against which profiling takes place". Drawing on Talmy's (2000) proposal of a lexicon-grammar continuum that structures the cognitive representation of a given concept, the construal of adjectives is assumed to derive from domain-specific knowledge operative in specific contexts of use, for which the used-based approach (e.g. Barlow & Kemmer 2002) to language provides valuable analytical tools. Accordingly, some of the most frequent adjectives in two large corpora, the BNC and COCA, will be investigated in terms of the most typical colligations and adjective-noun combinations in which they occur.

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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Paper presented at an academic conference or symposium
Language English
Title Adjectives in Cognitive Grammar - A usage-based Account
Event The Third Conference of the Scandinavian Association for Language and Cognition (SALC III)
Year 2011
Date 14.06.-16.06.
Country Denmark
Location Kopenhagen
URL http://salc3.ku.dk/

Associations

People
Sing, Christine Simone (Former researcher)
Organization
Institute for English Business Communication (Köster) (Details)
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