Quotation Ryan, A. M., Spash, Clive L. 2012. The awareness of consequences scale: An exploration, empirical analysis and reinterpretation. Journal of Applied Social Psychology 42 (10), 2505-2540.




The value–belief–norm model assumes that egoistic, social-altruistic, and biospheric value orientations causally influence how people cognitively structure beliefs regarding adverse environmental consequences. Empirical studies have administered the Awareness of Consequences (AC) scale to differentiate between these 3 orientations. We report an analysis that challenges previous work in the field. Evidence is presented that indicates the AC scale should be reinterpreted as a measure of beliefs supporting environmental action and beliefs supporting environmental inaction. The beliefs supporting environmental action appear to be differentiable according to beliefs in the positive consequences from environmental protection and the seriousness of environment harm. This has major implications for the value–belief–norm model and its application.


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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Journal article
Journal Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Citation Index SSCI
WU Journalrating 2009 A
Language English
Title The awareness of consequences scale: An exploration, empirical analysis and reinterpretation
Volume 42
Number 10
Year 2012
Page from 2505
Page to 2540
Reviewed? Y
URL http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1559-1816.2012.00951.x/abstract
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1559-1816.2012.00951.x


Spash, Clive L. (Details)
Ryan, A. M.
Institute for Multi-Level Governance and Development IN (Details)
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