Quotation Lutz, Wolfgang, Crespo Cuaresma, Jesus, Abbasi-Shavazi, Mohammad Jalal. 2010. Demography, education and Democracy: Global trends and the case of Iran. Population and Development Review 36 (2), 253-281.




Reconstructions and projections of populations by age, sex, and educational attainment for 120 countries since 1970 are used to assess the global relationship between improvements in human capital and democracy. Democracy is measured by the Freedom House indicator of political rights. Similar to an earlier study on the effects of improving educational attainment on economic growth, the greater age detail of this new dataset resolves earlier ambiguities about the effect of improving education as assessed using a global set of national time series. The results show consistently strong effects of improving overall levels of educational attainment, of a narrowing gender gap in education, and of fertility declines and the subsequent changes in age structure on improvements in the democracy indicator. This global relationship is then applied to the Islamic Republic of Iran. Over the past two decades Iran has experienced the world's most rapid fertility decline associated with massive increases in female education. The results show that based on the experience of 120 countries since 1970, Iran has a high chance of significant movement toward more democracy over the following two decades.


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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Journal article
Journal Population and Development Review
Citation Index SSCI
WU-Journal-Rating new FIN-A, VW-B
Language English
Title Demography, education and Democracy: Global trends and the case of Iran
Volume 36
Number 2
Year 2010
Page from 253
Page to 281
URL http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1728-4457.2010.00329.x/full
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1728-4457.2010.00329.x


Lutz, Wolfgang (Former researcher)
Crespo Cuaresma, Jesus (Details)
Abbasi-Shavazi, Mohammad Jalal (University of Teheran, Iran (Islamic Republic of))
Institute for Statistics and Mathematics IN (Details)
Department of Economics (Crespo Cuaresma) (Details)
Demography Group AB (Former organization)
Research Institute for Human Capital and Development FI (Former organization)
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