Quotation Garud, Raghu, Jain, Sanjay, Türtscher, Philipp. 2009. Incomplete by Design and Designing for Incompleteness. In: Design Requirements Engineering: A Ten-Year Perspective, Hrsg. K. J. Lyytinen, P. Loucopoulos, J. Mylopoulos, & B. Robinson, 137-156. Berlin: Springer.




The traditional scientific approach to design extols the virtues of completeness. However, in environments characterized by continual change, there are challenges in adopting such an approach. We examine Linux and Wikipedia as two exemplary cases to explore the nature of design in such a protean world. Our observations highlight a pragmatic approach to design in which incompleteness is harnessed in a generative manner. This suggests a change in the meaning of the word ‘design’ itself — from one that separates the process of design from its outcome, to one that considers design as both the medium and outcome of action.


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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Chapter in edited volume
Language English
Title Incomplete by Design and Designing for Incompleteness
Title of whole publication Design Requirements Engineering: A Ten-Year Perspective
Editor K. J. Lyytinen, P. Loucopoulos, J. Mylopoulos, & B. Robinson
Page from 137
Page to 156
Location Berlin
Publisher Springer
Year 2009
Reviewed? Y
URL http://www.springer.com/computer/programming/book/978-3-540-92965-9
ISBN 978-3-540-92965-9


Türtscher, Philipp (Former researcher)
Garud, Raghu (Pennsylvania State University, United States/USA)
Jain, Sanjay (University of Wisconsin, United States/USA)
Institute for Entrepreneurship and Innovation IN (Details)
Research areas (ÖSTAT Classification 'Statistik Austria')
5300 Economics (Details)
5324 Organizational research (Details)
5350 Innovation research (Details)
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