Quotation Garud, Raghu, Jain, Sanjay, Türtscher, Philipp. 2008. Incomplete by design and designing for incompleteness. Organization Studies 29 (3): 351-371.




The traditional scientific approach to design extols the virtues of completeness. However, in environments characterized by continual change, there are challenges in adopting such an approach. We examine Linux and Wikipedia as two exemplary cases to explore the nature of design in such a protean world. Our observations highlight a pragmatic approach to design in which incompleteness is harnessed in a generative manner. This suggests a change in the meaning of the word `design' itself - from one that separates the process of design from its outcome, to one that considers design as both the medium and outcome of action.


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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Journal article
Journal Organization Studies
Citation Index SSCI
WU Journalrating 2009 A
WU-Journal-Rating new FIN-A, MAN-A+, STRAT-A, WH-A
Language English
Title Incomplete by design and designing for incompleteness
Volume 29
Number 3
Year 2008
Page from 351
Page to 371
Reviewed? Y
URL http://oss.sagepub.com/cgi/reprint/29/3/351


Türtscher, Philipp (Former researcher)
Garud, Raghu (Pennsylvania State University, United States/USA)
Jain, Sanjay (University of Wisconsin, United States/USA)
Institute for Entrepreneurship and Innovation IN (Details)
Research areas (ÖSTAT Classification 'Statistik Austria')
5300 Economics (Details)
5324 Organizational research (Details)
5350 Innovation research (Details)
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