Quotation Abeliansky, Ana Lucia, Erel, Devin, Strulik, Holger. 2020. Aging in the USA: similarities and disparities across time and space. Scientific Reports. 10


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Abstract

We study biological aging of elderly U.S. Americans born 1904–1966. We use thirteen waves of the Health and Retirement Study and construct a frailty index as the number of health deficits present in a person measured relative to the number of potential deficits. We find that, on average, Americans develop 5% more health deficits per year, that men age slightly faster than women, and that, at any age above 50, Caucasians display significantly fewer health deficits than African Americans. We also document a steady time trend of health improvements. For each year of later birth, health deficits decline on average by about 1%. This health trend is about the same across regions and for men and women, but significantly lower for African Americans compared to Caucasians. In non-linear regressions, we find that regional differences in aging follow a particular regularity, akin to the compensation effect of mortality. Health deficits converge for men and women and across American regions and suggest a life span of the American population of about 97 years.

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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation External
Type of publication Journal article
Journal Scientific Reports
Citation Index SCI
Language English
Title Aging in the USA: similarities and disparities across time and space
Volume 10
Year 2020
DOI https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-71269-3
Open Access N

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Abeliansky, Ana Lucia (Details)
External
Erel, Devin (University of Göttingen, Department of Economics, Platz der Göttinger Sieben 3, 37073 Göttingen, Germany, Germany)
Strulik, Holger (University of Göttingen, Department of Economics, Platz der Göttinger Sieben 3, 37073 Göttingen, Germany, Germany)
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