Quotation Nurgazina, Jamilya, Pakdeetrakulwong, Udsanee, Moser, Thomas, Reiner, Gerald. 2021. Distributed Ledger Technology Applications in Food Supply Chains: A Review of Challenges and Future Research Directions. Sustainability. 13 1-26.




The lack of transparency and traceability in food supply chains (FSCs) is raising concerns among consumers and stakeholders about food information credibility, food quality, and safety. Insufficient records, a lack of digitalization and standardization of processes, and information exchange are some of the most critical challenges, which can be tackled with disruptive technologies, such as the Internet of Things (IoT), blockchain, and distributed ledger technologies (DLTs). Studies provide evidence that novel technological and sustainable practices in FSCs are necessary. This paper aims to describe current practical applications of DLTs and IoT in FSCs, investigating the challenges of implementation, and potentials for future research directions, thus contributing to achievement of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Within a systematic literature review, the content of 69 academic publications was analyzed, describing aspects of implementation and measures to address the challenges of scalability, security, and privacy of DLT, and IoT solutions. The challenges of high costs, standardization, regulation, interoperability, and energy consumption of DLT solutions were also classified as highly relevant, but were not widely addressed in literature. The application of DLTs in FSCs can potentially contribute to 6 strategic SDGs, providing synergies and possibilities for more sustainable, traceable, and transparent FSCs.


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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Journal article
Journal Sustainability
Citation Index SSCI
WU-Journal-Rating new STRAT-C
Language English
Title Distributed Ledger Technology Applications in Food Supply Chains: A Review of Challenges and Future Research Directions
Volume 13
Year 2021
Page from 1
Page to 26
Reviewed? Y
URL https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/13/8/4206/pdf
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/su13084206
Open Access Y
Open Access Link https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/13/8/4206


Reiner, Gerald (Details)
Moser, Thomas (St. Pölten University of Applied Sciences, Austria)
Nurgazina, Jamilya (University of Applied Sciences, Austria)
Pakdeetrakulwong, Udsanee (Nakhon Pathom Rajabhat Universi, Thailand)
Institute for Production Management (Reiner) (Details)
Institute for Production Management IN (Details)
Research Institute for Supply Chain Management FI (Details)
Research areas (ÖSTAT Classification 'Statistik Austria')
1133 Computer-aided simulation (Details)
5307 Business and management economics (Details)
5316 Industrial management (Details)
5326 Production research (Details)
5354 Business logistics (Details)
5365 Quality management (Details)
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