Quotation Jestl, Stefan, Moser, Mathias, Raggl, Anna. 2022. Cannot keep up with the Joneses: how relative deprivation pushes internal migration in Austria. International Journal of Social Economics. 49 (2)




Using aggregated data at the municipality level allows the authors to assess the role of relative deprivation (RD) – a measure of income inequality – on top of absolute income in shaping internal migration in Austria. In this study, the authors analyse the effect of regional income inequality on emigration rates of Austrian municipalities using a unique spatial dataset that is constructed based on Austrian administrative register data. The register-based data contain information on the municipality of residence of all individuals aged 16 and over that have their main residency in Austria, as well as their income and socio-demographic characteristics. The authors find that increases in relative deprivation in a municipality are related to higher emigration from the municipality. Allowing for heterogeneous effects across income, education and age groups reveals that the effect is stronger among those with comparably low levels of income and among low-skilled and young individuals. The unique spatially disaggregated perspective is based on novel data from Austrian administrative registers, which comprehensively capture the economic situation and geographic movements of the whole Austrian population. Most importantly, this approach allows for measuring income inequality within local communities and for a direct identification of social groups that are more sensitive to inequality.


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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Journal article
Journal International Journal of Social Economics
Language English
Title Cannot keep up with the Joneses: how relative deprivation pushes internal migration in Austria
Volume 49
Number 2
Year 2022
Reviewed? Y
URL https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSE-03-2021-0181
DOI https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSE-03-2021-0181
Open Access N


Jestl, Stefan (Details)
Moser, Mathias (Details)
Raggl, Anna (Former researcher)
Institute for Economic Geography and GIScience IN (Details)
Economics of Inequality FI (Details)
Research areas (ÖSTAT Classification 'Statistik Austria')
5300 Economics (Details)
5311 Public finance (Details)
5323 Econometrics (Details)
5341 Economic policy (Details)
5618 Regional economy (Details)
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