Quotation Foster, Gillian Joanne, Saleh, Ruba. 2021. The Circular City and Adaptive Reuse of Cultural Heritage Index: Measuring the investment opportunity in Europe. Resources, Conservation and Recycling. 175 (10588)




The long-lived, culturally relevant, and unique buildings of Europe's urban landscapes embody the values of the circular economy (CE) and sustainability. They are central to urban identities, generation after generation. Furthermore, adaptive reuse of cultural heritage buildings (ARCH) contributes to slowing down the extraction of natural resources, reducing energy for new buildings, and reducing construction and demolition waste and greenhouse gas emissions. ARCH's inherent characteristics distinctly express the 2019 European Green Deal's CE objectives and the 2020 building Renovation Wave Strategy. In this context, European city managers, heritage conservationists, and other stakeholders need a systematic method to characterize the investment opportunity for ARCH, considering CE. To fill this methodological gap, this study introduces a new composite indicator called the Circular City Adaptive Reuse of Cultural Heritage Index.


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  • Circular Economy
  • Circular City

Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Journal article
Journal Resources, Conservation and Recycling
Citation Index SCI
Language English
Title The Circular City and Adaptive Reuse of Cultural Heritage Index: Measuring the investment opportunity in Europe
Volume 175
Number 10588
Year 2021
Reviewed? Y
URL https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2021.105880
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2021.105880
Open Access Y
Open Access Link https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2021.105880


Foster, Gillian Joanne (Former researcher)
Saleh, Ruba (ICHEC Brussels Management School, Belgium)
Institute for Ecological Economics IN (Details)
Research areas (Ă–STAT Classification 'Statistik Austria')
2919 Energy research (Details)
2959 Sustainable development, sustainable economics (Details)
4118 Renewable energy (also energy sources, raw materials) (Details)
4119 Regenerable raw materials (Details)
4924 Sustainable development, sustainable economics (Details)
5368 Sustainable development, sustainable economics (Details)
5912 Social sciences (interdisciplinary) (Details)
5914 Environmental research (Details)
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