Quotation Mayrhofer, Wolfgang, Rapp, Marco Leander. 2021. HRM in different countries. In: Research Handbook on HRM in the Public Sector, Hrsg. Steijn, B. & Knies, E. 307-322. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.




Despite so-called ‘best-practices’ in human resource management (HRM) and the new public management paradigm, countries still differ in their public sector HRM. Governmental policy capacity as governments’ ability to formulate and implement policies that create a favorable environment for organisations is a major factor contributing to these differences. Our results for 32 countries worldwide indicate that countries vary in their public sector HRM practices depending on the level of governmental policy capacity (GPC). Countries with higher GPC tend to have HR practices in place that are associated with a strategic focus and the promotion of societally desirable outcomes like, e.g., inclusion. However, the GPC level seems to have no influence on performance-related HR practices. A number of theoretical, empirical, and practical consequences follow from these results. Examples include further exploration of formal and informal institutions affecting HRM and the importance of context for understanding HRM in public sector organisations.


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Publication's profile

Status of publication Published
Affiliation WU
Type of publication Chapter in edited volume
Language English
Title HRM in different countries
Title of whole publication Research Handbook on HRM in the Public Sector
Editor Steijn, B. & Knies, E.
Page from 307
Page to 322
Location Cheltenham
Publisher Edward Elgar Publishing
Year 2021
Reviewed? Y
URL https://doi.org/10.4337/9781789906622.00032
ISBN 978 1 78990 661 5
Open Access N


Mayrhofer, Wolfgang (Details)
Rapp, Marco Leander (Details)
Interdisciplinary Institute for Management and Organizational Behavior IN (Details)
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