Cluster life cycles – The role of actors, networks and institutions in emerging, growing, declining and renewing clusters


Type Research Project

Funding Bodies
  • Austrian Science Fund

Duration Sept. 1, 2011 - Dec. 31, 2015

  • Institute for Multi-Level Governance and Development IN (Details)
  • Research Institute for Spatial and Real Estate Economics FI (Details)

Tags

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  • Auer, Alexander (Former researcher)
  • Höglinger, Christoph (Former researcher)
  • Sinozic, Tanja (Former researcher)
  • Tödtling, Franz (Details) Project Head
 

Abstract (German)

Obwohl es bereits zahlreiche Studien zur Funktionsweise von Clustern gibt, fehlte bislang ein systematischer Vergleich zur Frage, wie Cluster entstehen und wie sich Cluster im Verlaufe ihres Lebenszyklus verändern und transformieren. Die Hauptzielsetzungen dieses kollaborativen Forschungsprojektes waren es daher zu untersuchen, welche Faktoren und Prozesse für die Entwicklung und die Transformation von Clustern verantwortlich sind, und welche endogenen und exogenen Antriebskräfte in verschiedenen Phasen des Lebenszyklus von Clustern vorzufinden sind. Darüber hinaus sollten geeignete Schlussfolgerungen für die Politik erarbeitet werden.
Das Forschungsprojekt hat insgesamt 20 Cluster untersucht, die sich in unterschiedlichen Phasen ihres Lebenszyklus und in 7 Ländern Europas befanden. Für Österreich wurden drei Cluster, die sich in verschiedenen Phasen ihres Lebenszyklus befanden, untersucht. Die Umwelttechnikindustrie in Oberösterreich, ein wachsender Cluster in einer traditionellen Industrieregion; die Creative Industries“ in der Region Wien, einen wachsender Cluster in einer diversifizierten Agglomeration; und die Medizintechnik Branche in Wien, ein bereits reiferer Cluster, der in den letzten Jahren mit neuen institutionellen Herausforderungen und jenen der Globalisierung konfrontiert worden ist. Die Analyse der österreichischen Fälle hat sich auf die Rolle der internen und externen Faktoren und Antriebskräfte in der Clusterentwicklung konzentriert. Schließlich wurden auch Schussfolgerungen für die Politik herausgearbeitet.


Abstract (English)

Ample research has been carried out on the mode of functioning of clusters. Little scholarly attention, however, has received the way how clusters evolve over time, i.e. how clusters actually become clusters, how and why they decline, and how they shift into new fields. The main objectives of this collaborative research project has therefore been to analyse the factors and processes that are responsible for the evolution and –transformation of clusters; to distinguish between endogenous and exogenous drivers through the cluster life cycle; and to give policy advice which helps to create new clusters, prevent existent clusters from decline and transform declining clusters into new clusters.

The research project has investigated 20 clusters in different phases of their life cycle in 7 countries of Europe. For Austria three clusters in different phases of their life cycles were investigated: The environmental technology industry in Upper Austria representing a maturing cluster within a traditional industrial region, the “creative industries” in Vienna representing a growing cluster within a diversified agglomeration; and the Medical Technology Cluster in Vienna, an industry that has seen a considerable institutional and globalisation challenges and transformation recently. The analysis of the Austrian cases has focussed on firm- and cluster development in the different regional settings, on the role of internal and external drivers in this respect, and on factors and appropriate policy support for cluster renewal and innovative change.

Partners

  • Charles University - Faculty of Science - Czech Republic
  • Lund University - Circle/ Department of Social and Economic Geography - Sweden
  • Universität Bremen - Germany
  • Kiel University - Germany
  • Université de Neuchâtel - Switzerland
  • University of Agder - Faculty of Economics and Social Science - Norway

Publications

Journal article

2019 Grillitsch, Markus , Rekers, Josephine V., Tödtling, Franz. 2019. When drivers of clusters shift scale from local towards global: What remains for regional innovation policy? Geoforum. 102 57-68. (Details)
2015 Trippl, Michaela, Sinozic, Tanja, Lawton Smith, Helen. 2015. The Role of Universities in Regional Development: Conceptual Models and Policy Institutions in the UK, Sweden and Austria. European Planning Studies (Details)
  Sinozic, Tanja, Tödtling, Franz. 2015. Adaptation and Change in Creative Clusters: Findings from Vienna's New Media Sector. European Planning Studies 23 (10): 1-18. open access (Details)
  Trippl, Michaela, Grillitsch, Markus, Isaksen, Arne, Sinozic, Tanja. 2015. Perspectives on Cluster Evolution: Critical Review and Future Research Issues. European Planning Studies 23 (10): (Details)
2014 Tödtling, Franz, Höglinger, Christoph, Sinozic, Tanja, Auer, Alexander. 2014. Factors for the Emergence and Growth of Environmental Technology Industries in Upper Austria. Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Geographischen Gesellschaft 156 1-25. open access (Details)

Chapter in edited volume

2017 Auer, Alexander, Tödtling, Franz. 2017. Are policies supporting cluster development? A comparative firm-level analysis. In: Cluster Policies from a Cluster Life Cycle Perspective , Hrsg. Fornahl, D. and Hassink, R. 203-221. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing. (Details)
  Tödtling, Franz, Sinozic, Tanja, Auer, Alexander. 2017. Driving factors for cluster evolution: A multi-scalar comparative perspective. In: Unfolding Cluster Evolution, Hrsg. Belussi, F. and J.-L- Hervas Oliver, 159-175. London and New York: Routledge. (Details)
2013 Trippl, Michaela, Tödtling, Franz, Schuldner, René. 2013. Creative and cultural industries in Austria. In: Creative industries and innovation in Europe, Hrsg. Luzziana Lazzeretti, 86-102. London and New York: Routledge. (Details)

Paper presented at an academic conference or symposium

2014 Tödtling, Franz, Auer, Alexander, Sinozic, Tanja. 2014. Driving factors for cluster change: A comparative perspective. 54th European Congress of the Regional Science Association (ERSA), St Petersburg, Russische Föderation, 26.08.-29-08. (Details)
  Sinozic, Tanja, Tödtling, Franz, Auer, Alexander. 2014. Transformation in Vienna's New Media Sector: Technological heterogeneity and spatial factors of cluster evolution. 2nd Geography of Innovation Conference, Utrecht, Niederlande, 23.01.-25.01. (Details)
2013 Sinozic, Tanja, Tödtling, Franz, Auer, Alexander. 2013. Growth and transformation in Vienna´s creative industries. Regional Studies Association Conference, Tampere, Finnland, 06.05.-08.05.. (Details)
  Tödtling, Franz, Auer, Alexander, Sinozic, Tanja. 2013. Emergence, growth and transformation in local clusters - Environmental industries in the region of Upper Austria. 53rd ERSA Congress, Palermo, Italien, 27.08-31.08. (Details)
2012 Höglinger, Christoph, Sinozic, Tanja, Tödtling, Franz. 2012. Emergence, growth and transformation in local clusters - Environmental industries in the region of Upper Austria. 7th International Seminar on Regional Innovation, Porto, Portugal, 11.10.-13.10.. (Details)

Working/discussion paper, preprint

2019 Grillitsch, Markus, Rekers, Josephine, Tödtling, Franz. 2019. When drivers of clusters shift scale from local towards global: . open access (Details)
2016 Tödtling, Franz, Sinozic, Tanja, Auer, Alexander. 2016. Knowledge bases, multi-scale interaction and transformation of the Vienna medical cluster. SRE-Discussion 2016/3. open access (Details)
2014 Tödtling, Franz, Auer, Alexander. 2014. Driving factors for Cluster development - Which Kind of spatial rootedness and Change?. SRE Discussion Papers. open access (Details)

Unpublished lecture

2013 Tödtling, Franz. 2013. Growth and transformation of industrial clusters: Preliminary findings for selected industries in Austria. Workshop on Clustertransformation, University of Zlin, 16.05. (Details)

Classification

Expertise

  • Industrial clusters
  • Regional economics