Constructing Regional Advantage: Towards State-of -the-Art Regional Innovation System Policies in Europe


Type Research Project

Funding Bodies
  • European Science Foundation
  • Austrian Science Fund

Duration Sept. 1, 2007 - Aug. 31, 2010

  • Institute for Multi-Level Governance and Development IN (Details)
  • Research Institute for Spatial and Real Estate Economics FI (Details)

Tags

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  • Lengauer, Lukas (Former researcher)
  • Nussmüller, Eva (Former researcher)
  • Tödtling, Franz (Details) Project Head
  • Weissenbacher, Rudy (Details)
 

Abstract (German)

Eine verstärkt vernetzte Weltwirtschaft bedeutet für Europäische Regionen nicht nur erweiterte wirtschaftliche Möglichkeiten sondern auch einen verstärkten Konkurrenzdruck. Um sich im Vergleich zu anderen Regionen profilieren zu können ist es, insbesondere in der heutigen wissensbasierten Wirtschaft, von besonderer Bedeutung, neues Wissen zu generieren, dieses anzuwenden und umzusetzen. Neues Wissen und in weiterer Folge Innovationen werden jedoch meist nicht von einzelnen Akteuren isoliert erzeugt, sondern sind das Ergebnis gemeinsamer Anstrengungen und Initiativen von Unternehmen, Forschungsinstitutionen und öffentlichen Einrichtungen. Darüber hinaus spielt die Innovationspolitik auf regionaler, nationaler und europäischer Ebene eine wichtige Rolle. Diese Beziehungen zu erforschen war das Ziel des Projektes ¿Constructing Regional Advantage¿ (CRA), einem gemeinsamen europäischen Forschungsprojekt der European Science Foundation und des FWF mit Partnern aus Schweden, Tschechien, Finnland, Niederlande, Großbritannien, Norwegen, der Türkei und Österreich. Das Projekt CRA untersuchte, wie Unternehmen gemeinsam mit Forschungseinrichtungen, Firmen und anderen Organisationen Wissen austauschen und Innovationen hervorbringen. Analysiert wurden Regionen mit unterschiedlichen institutionellen und wirtschaftlichen Rahmenbedingungen. Außerdem sollten im EU Vergleich "Best Practice" Beispiele der regionalen Innovationspolitik ermittelt werden. In Österreich hat das Institut für ¿Multi-Level Governance and Development¿ der Wirtschaftsuniversität Wien Unternehmen der Informations- und Kommunikationstechnologie Branche in Wien, Oberösterreich und Salzburg in Bezug auf ihre Innovationsaktivitäten, Innovationskooperationen und Wissensquellen untersucht und auch die Rolle der Innovationspolitik ausgeleuchtet.


Abstract (English)

Globalisation pressures force European regions to enhance their competitiveness. Regions are considered a key level where innovation processes are shaped, coordinated and governed through localized capabilities. Often competitive advantages do not emerge spontaneously, but are the results of collective actions and initiatives taken by firms, research organizations and governments at various levels.
Policies for constructing regional advantage cannot be based on one "best practice" model but should reflect the different conditions and problems of the respective regions. These vary between types of Regional Innovation Systems (such as institutionally "thick" or "thin"; networked or fragmented) as well as the dominating knowledge base of local industries (analytical, synthetic, symbolic). So far very little is known about how policies for constructing regional advantage can work in such different settings. The project has aimed at filling this gap by comparing policy initiatives in different regional, institutional and sectoral settings in seven European countries. In Austria the ICT sector in the regions of Vienna, Upper Austria and Salzburg has been investigated regarding its Innovation activities, Innovation cooperations and knowledge sources, and the role of Innovation policy.

Partners

  • Charles University - Faculty of Science - Czech Republic
  • Dokuz Eylul University - Department of Economics - Turkey
  • Lund University - Circle/ Department of Social and Economic Geography - Sweden
  • University of Agder - Faculty of Economics and Social Science - Norway
  • University of Tampere - Department of Regional Studies - Finland
  • University of Utrecht - Faculty of Geosciences/ Department of Economic Geography - Netherlands

Publications

Journal article

2015 Tödtling, Franz, Grillitsch, Markus. 2015. Does Combinatorial Knowledge Lead to a Better Innovation Performance of Firms?. European Planning Studies 23 (9): 1741-1758. (Details)
  Grillitsch, Markus, Tödtling, Franz, Höglinger, Christoph. 2015. Variety in Knowledge Sourcing, geography and innovation: Evidence from the ICT sector in Austria. Papers in Regional Science. The Journal of the Regional Science Association International 94 (1), 25-44. (Details)
2013 Tödtling, Franz, Skokan, Karel, Höglinger, Christoph, Rumpel, Petr, Grillitsch, Markus. 2013. Innovation and knowledge sourcing of modern sectors in old industrial regions: Comparing software firms in Moravia Silesia and Upper Austria. European Urban and Regional Studies 20 (2): 188-205. (Details)
  Tödtling, Franz, Asheim, Björn, Boschma, Ron. 2013. Knowledge sourcing, innovation anc constructing advantage in regions of Europe. European Urban and Regional Studies 20 (2): 161-169. (Details)
2012 Tödtling, Franz, Grillitsch, Markus, Höglinger, Christoph. 2012. Knowledge Sourcing and Innovation in Austrian ICT companies: How does Geography matter?. Industry & Innovation 19 (4): 327-348. (Details)
  Tödtling, Franz, Grillitsch, Markus. 2012. Types of Innovation, competencies of firms, and external knowledge sourcing - Findings from selected sectors and regions of Europe. Journal of the Knowledge Economy 3 (4): 327-354. (Details)
2011 Tödtling, Franz, Lengauer, Lukas, Höglinger, Christoph. 2011. Knowledge Sourcing and Innovation in "thick" and "thin" regional innovation systems: Comparing ICT firms in two Austrian regions.. European Planning Studies 19 (7): 1245-1276. (Details)
  Tödtling, Franz, Schneider, Roland, Grillitsch, Markus, Höglinger, Christoph. 2011. Constructing Regional Advantage in the Austrian ICT sector: Towards fine tuned innovation policies?. Journal of the Knowledge Economy 2011 (2): 533-549. (Details)

Chapter in edited volume

2012 Tödtling, Franz, Höglinger, Christoph, Grillitsch, Markus. 2012. Knowledge relations and innovation from a regional perspective. In: Networks, Space and Competitiveness - Evolving Challenges for Sustainable Growth, Hrsg. Capello, Roberta and Denthino, Tomaz Ponze, 107-134. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. (Details)

Paper presented at an academic conference or symposium

2012 Tödtling, Franz. 2012. Types of innovation, competencies of firms and external knowledge sourcing - Findings from selected sectors and regions of Europe. Microeconomics of Competitiveness - 10th Anniversary Faculty Workshop, Harvard University, Cambridge Massachusetts, Vereinigte Staaten/USA, 10.12.-11.12.. Invited Talk (Details)
2011 Tödtling, Franz, Grillitsch, Markus, Höglinger, Christoph. 2011. Competencies of firms, external knowledge sourcing, and types of innovation in regions of Europe. Konferenz der European Science Association, Barcelona, Spanien, 30.8.-03.09.. (Details)
2010 Tödtling, Franz, Schneider, Roland , Grillitsch, Markus, Höglinger, Christoph. 2010. Constructing Regional Advantage in the Austrian ICT sector: Towards fine tuned innovation policies?. 8th European Urban and Regional Studies Conference, Wien, Österreich, 15.09-17.09. (Details)
  Schneider, Roland, Tödtling, Franz, Grillitsch, Markus, Höglinger, Christoph. Forthcoming. Constructing Regional Advantage in the Austrian ICT sector: Towards fine tuned innovation policies?.. Seminar on Regional Innovation Policies, Grimstad, Norwegen, 15.10-16.10. (Details)
  Tödtling, Franz, Höglinger, Christoph, Grillitsch, Markus, Schneider, Roland. Forthcoming. How do companies source knowledge in different types of Regional Innovation Systems? Findings from ICT firms in Austria. Association of American Geographers Annual Meeting, Washington, Vereinigte Staaten/USA, 14.04-18.04. (Details)
  Tödtling, Franz, Skokan, Karel, Höglinger, Christoph, Rumpl, Petr, Grillitsch, Markus. Forthcoming. Innovation and knowledge sourcing of modern sectors in old industrial regions: A comparison of software firms in Moravia Silesia and Upper Austria. 8th European Urban and Regional Studies Conference, Wien, Österreich, 15.09-17.09. (Details)
  Tödtling, Franz. 2010. Knowledge sourcing and innovation in Austrian ICT companies: Does geography matter?. MOC workshop at Harvard Business School, Cambridge / Mass., Vereinigte Staaten/USA, 12.12.-14.12.. (Details)
  Tödtling, Franz, Grillitsch, Markus, Höglinger, Christoph. Forthcoming. Knowlege sourcing and innovation in Austrian ICT companies: Does Geography matter?. 3rd Conference in Regional Science, Hannover, Deutschland, 25.06-26.06. (Details)
  Tödtling, Franz, Grillitsch, Markus, Höglinger, Christoph. Forthcoming. Location, geography of knowledge sourcing and innovation: Evidence from the ICT sector in Austria. Regional Studies Association Conference, Pecz, Ungarn, 24.05-26.05. (Details)
  Markus, Grillitsch, Tödtling, Franz, Höglinger, Christoph. 2010. Location, knowledge sourcing and innovation: Evidence from the ICT sector in Austria. ERSA conference, Jönköping, Schweden, 19.08.-23.08.. (Details)
2009 Lengauer, Lukas, Nussmüller, Eva, Tödtling, Franz. 2009. How do companies source knowledge in different types of regional innovation systems? A comparison of ICT firms in two regions of Austria. AAG Annual Meeting, Las Vegas, Vereinigte Staaten/USA, 22.03.-27.03.. (Details)
2008 Lengauer, Lukas, Nussmüller, Eva, Trippl, Michaela, Tödtling, Franz. 2008. Innovation and Knowledge Sourcing in the Vienna ICT Manufacturing Sector. 7th European Urban and Regional Studies Conference, Istanbul, Türkei, 18.09.2008-21.09.2008. (Details)
  Tödtling, Franz, Trippl, Michaela, Lengauer, Lukas. Forthcoming. Towards Regional Knowledge Economies: Routes and Policy Options. 48th Congress of the European Regional Science Association, Liverpool, Großbritannien, 27.08.-31.08.. (Details)

Working/discussion paper, preprint

2015 Tödtling, Franz, Trippl, Michaela. 2015. How do firms acquire knowledge in different sectoral and regional contexts?. CIRCLE Papers in Innovation Studies, Lund University (Chapter for Edward Elgar Handbook of Geography of Innovation, forthcoming). (Details)
2011 Tödtling, Franz, Grillitsch, Markus, Höglinger, Christoph. 2011. Competencies of firms, external knowledge sourcing, and types of innovation in regions of Europe.. SRE Discussion Papers. (Details)
2008 Tödtling, Franz, Trippl, Michaela, Lengauer, Lukas. 2008. Towards Regional Knowledge Economies - Routes and Policy Options. (Details)

Miscellaneous

2012 Asheim, Björn. T., Moodysson, Jerker, Tödtling, Franz. 2012. Constructing Regional Advantage: Towards State-of-the-Art Regional Innovation Systems in Europe?. European Planning Studies 19 (7): 1133-1139. (Details)

Classification

  • 5300 Economics (Details)
  • 5335 Political economic theory (Details)
  • 5350 Innovation research (Details)
  • 5618 Regional economy (Details)
  • 5912 Social sciences (interdisciplinary) (Details)