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Thomas Salzberger

PD Mag.Dr.rer.soc.oec. Thomas Salzberger
Email:
Contact information and photo taken from and editable at WU Directory.

CV

since 2009
Lecturer
2008
Habilitation (Graduation as Dr. habil.)
1998
Doctorate (Graduation as Dr. rer. soc. oec.)
1993
Master (Graduation as Master of Business Administration/Mag. rer. soc. oec.)

Researcher Identifier

    No researcher identifier found.

Awards and Honors

2017
Outstanding Paper Award European Journal of Marketing 2016
Outstanding Reviewer European Journal of Marketing
2016
Best Paper in Track Consumer Behaviour, ANZMAC Conference 2016, Christchurch, New Zealand
2010
Best Paper in Track Organizational Behavior Organizational Decision Neuroscience. NeuroPsychoEconomics Conference, Copenhagen, Denmark
Highly Commended Award Winner at the Literati Network Awards for Excellence 2010
2008
Best Conference Paper, ANZMAC Conference 2008, Sydney, NSW
Best Paper in Track Consumer Behaviour - Studies and Fieldwork, ANZMAC Conference 2008, Sydney, NSW
Best Paper in Track Marketing Research and Research Methodologies, ANZMAC Conference 2008, Sydney, NSW
2007
Best Paper in Track Marketing Research and Research Methodologies, ANZMAC Conference 2007, Dunedin, New Zealand
2006
Special Prize in the Consumer Behaviour Track from Westburn Publishers Ltd at the 2006 ANZMAC Conference, Brisbane, Australia
1999
Stephan-Koren-Preis des Professorenverbandes der WU Wien

Classifications

  • 3925 Health sciences (Details)
  • 5307 Business and management economics (Details)
  • 5320 Marketing (Details)
  • 5321 Market research (Details)
  • 5912 Social sciences (interdisciplinary) (Details)

Expertise

  • Measurement Theory
  • Item Response Theory

Activities

Position in scientific committee
  2009-2010 International Conference on Probabilistic Models for Measurement in Education, Psychology, Social Science and Health - Celebrating 50 Years Since the Publication of Rasch's Book - Member of the Scientific Commitee
  2009 Australia and New Zealand Marketing Academy (ANZMAC) Conference - Co-Track Cair Marketing Metrics and Modelling
  2007-2008 University of Western Australia, Pert, WA - Member of the Scientific Committee 3rd INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON MEASUREMENT IN HEALTH, EDUCATION, PSYCHOLOGY AND MARKETING January 22 - 24, 2008
  2005 The Academy of Marketing Science - Track Chair "Marketing in the EU"
  2003-2004 Murdoch University, Perth, WA - Member of the Scientific Committee 2ND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON MEASUREMENT IN HEALTH, EDUCATION, PSYCHOLOGY AND MARKETING: DEVELOPMENTS WITH RASCH MODELS January 22-24, 2004
  since 2000 The Matilda Bay Club Rasch Measurement in the Social Sciences Special Interest Group - Founder and Administrator
Reviewer for scientific organization
  2004 Edith Cowan University, Perth, WA - Examination of the doctorial thesis entitled "Self-Reported Business Leadership Competencies of Middle-level Managers" by Philip Teo Choo Lip
Editor of a scientific journal
  1998-2008 Österreichische Gesellschaft für Absatzwirtschaft - Co-Editor Journal der markt
Reviewer for a scientific journal
  2006 Optometry and Vision Science - Reviewer
  2006 Management International Review - Reviewer
  2003 Journal of International Marketing - Reviewer
Other position in a scientific journal
  since 2009 Der Markt - Journal für Marketing - Member of Editorial Board
  2006-2007 Der Markt. Zeitschrift für Absatzwirtschaft und Marketing - Guest editor of the special issue 2007/1+2 on Measurement and Methodological Problems in Marketing Research
  2005-2006 International Marketing Review - Guest Editor Special Issue Gast-Editor Special Issue: ‘ISSUES AND ADVANCES IN INTERNATIONAL MARKETING RESEARCH’, Vol 23 (4)
Reviewer for an international conference
  2006 IFSAM 2006 - Reviewer
  2006 Academy of Marketing Science - Reviewer
  2004 European International Business Academy - Reviewer
  since 2000 European Marketing Academy - Frequent Reviewer
  since 1999 Australia New Zealand Marketing Academy Conference - Frequent Reviewer
Organization scientific meeting (Conference etc.)
  1997-1998 Academy of International Business (AIB) - Member of the Organizing Committee of the 1998 Annual Meeting - Vienna

Publications

Book (monograph)

2009 Hatzinger, Reinhold, Dittrich, Regina, Salzberger, Thomas. 2009. Präferenzanalyse mit R - Anwendungen aus Marketing, Behavioural Finance und Human Resource Management. Wien: Facultas. (Details)
  Salzberger, Thomas. 2009. Measurement in Marketing Research - an Alternative Framework. Cheltenham, UK & Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar. (Details)
1999 Salzberger, T.. 1999. Interkulturelle Marktforschung - Methoden zur Überprüfung der Datenäquivalenz. Mit einem Geleitwort von Prof. Dr. Hartmut Holzmüller, Service-Fachverlag, Wien, ISBN 3-85428-404-7 (Details)

Journal article

2019 Salzberger, Thomas, Koller, Monika. 2019. The direction of the response scale matters – accounting for the unit of measurement. European Journal of Marketing. open access (Details)
2018 Cano, Stefan, Chrea, Christelle, Salzberger, Thomas, Alfieri, Thomas, Emilien, Gerard, Mainy, Nelly, Ramazzotti, Antonio, Lüdicke, Frank, Weitkunat, Rolf. 2018. Development and validation of a new instrument to measure perceived risks associated with the use of tobacco and nicotine-containing products. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes. 16 (1), 192-206. open access (Details)
  Salzberger, Thomas. 2018. Meeting Feynman: Bringing light into the black box of social measurement. Journal of Physics: Conference Series. 1065 (07203) open access (Details)
2017 Salzberger, Thomas, Chrea, Christelle, Cano, Stefan, Martin, Marie, Atkinson, Mark, Emilien, Gerard, Mainy, Nelly, Ramazzotti, Antonio, Weitkunat, Rolf, Lüdicke, Frank. 2017. Perceived risks associated with the use of tobacco and nicotine-containing products: Findings from qualitative research. Tobacco Science and Technology. 50 (1), 32-42. open access (Details)
2016 Salzberger, Thomas, Sarstedt, Marko, Diamantopoulos, Adamantios. 2016. Measurement in the social sciences: where C-OAR-SE delivers and where it does not. European Journal of Marketing, 50, (11), 1942-1952. (Details)
  Sarstedt, Marko, Diamantopoulos, Adamantios, Salzberger, Thomas. 2016. Selecting single items to measure doubly concrete constructs: A cautionary tale. Journal of Business Research. 69 (8), 3159-3167. (Details)
  Sarstedt, Marko, Diamantopoulos, Adamantios, Salzberger, Thomas. 2016. Should we use single items? Better not. Journal of Business Research. 69 (8), 3199-3203. (Details)
2015 Newton, Josh, Newton, Fiona, Salzberger, Thomas, Ewing, Mike. 2015. A cross-nationally validated decision-making model of environmental coaction. International Marketing Review. 32 (3/4), 350-365. (Details)
  Salzberger, Thomas. 2015. The validity of polytomous items in the Rasch model - The role of statistical evidence of the threshold order. Psychological Test and Assessment Modeling. 57 (3), 377-395. open access (Details)
2013 Salzberger, Thomas. 2013. Attempting Measurement of Psychological Attributes. Frontiers in Psychology 4 (75): S. 1-4. open access (Details)
2012 Koller, Monika, Salzberger, Thomas, Brenner, Gerhard, Walla, Peter. 2012. Broadening the range of applications of eye-tracking in business research. Análise - Revista Cientifica de Administracao, Contabilidade e Economica 71-77. (Details)
  Salzberger, Thomas, Koller, Monika. 2012. Towards a new paradigm of measurement in marketing. Journal of Business Research 1307-1317. (Details)
  Koller, Monika, Salzberger, Thomas. 2012. Heterogeneous development of cognitive dissonance over time and its effect on satisfaction and loyalty. Journal of Customer Behaviour 11 (3): 261-280. (Details)
2010 Salzberger, Thomas, Koller, Monika. 2010. Investigating the impact of cognitive dissonance and customer satisfaction on loyalty and complaint behaviour. (Investigando o impacto da dissonancia cognitiva e satisfacao do cliente na lealdade e no comportamento pos-insatifacao). Revista Brasileira de Marketing 9 (1): 05-15. (Details)
2009 Salzberger, Thomas, Holzmüller, Hartmut, Souchon, Anne. 2009. Advancing the Understanding of Construct Validity and Cross-National Comparability - Illustrated by a Five-Country Study of Corporate Export Information Usage. Advances in International Marketing 20 321-360. (Details)
  Koller, Monika, Salzberger, Thomas. 2009. Benchmarking in Service Marketing - A Longitudinal Analysis of the Customer. Benchmarking: An International Journal 16 (3): 401-414. (Details)
2007 Koller, Monika, Salzberger, Thomas. 2007. Cognitive Dissonance as a Relevant Construct Throughout the Decision-Making and Consumption Process - An Empirical Investigation Related to a Package Tour. Journal of Customer Behaviour 6 (3): 217-227. (Details)
  Salzberger, Thomas. 2007. der markt Special Issue on 'Measurement and Methodological Problems in Marketing', Editorial. Der Markt. Zeitschrift für Absatzwirtschaft und Marketing 46 (1+2): 3-5. (Details)
  Salzberger, Thomas. 2007. Messung in der Marketingforschung - Status Quo und Perspektiven. Der Markt. Zeitschrift für Absatzwirtschaft und Marketing 46 (1+2): 61-84. (Details)
2006 Sinkovics, Rudolf, Salzberger, Thomas. 2006. Introduction to the special issue on “Issues and advances in international marketing research”. International Marketing Review 23 (4): (Details)
  Salzberger, Thomas, Sinkovics, Rudolf. 2006. Reconsidering the problem of data equivalence in International Marketing Research – Contrasting approaches based on CFA and the Rasch model for measurement. International Marketing Review 23 (4): 390-417. (Details)
2005 Ewing, M., Salzberger, T.; Sinkovics, R.. 2005. An Alternate Approach to Assessing Cross-Cultural Measurement Equivalence. Journal of Advertising, Spring 2005, Vol 34 (1), 17-36 (Details)
2003 Salzberger, T.. 2003. Information: When Gaps Can Be Bridged. Rasch Measurement Transactions, 17, 3, 910-911, ISSN 10510796 (Details)
2002 Salzberger, T.. 2002. The Illusion of Measurement: Rasch versus 2-PL. Rasch Measurement Transactions, 16, 2, Automn, p. 882 (Details)
2001 Salzberger, T., Sinkovics, R.R., Schlegelmilch, B.B.. 2001. Die Bedeutung der Datenäquivalenz in der internationalen Marketing- und Konsumentenforschung. Jahrbuch der Absatz- und Verbrauchsforschung 47, 2, 190-209 (Details)
1999 Salzberger, T., Sinkovics, R.R., Schlegelmilch, B.B.. 1999. Data Equivalence in Cross-Cultural Research: A Comparison of Classical Test Theory and Latent Trait Theory Based Approaches. Australasian Marketing Journal, 7, 2, 23-38 (Details)
1997 Salzberger, T., Völk, N.. 1997. Aspekte der Zufriedenheit mit einer Kulturdienstleistung - empirische Überprüfung des SERVQUAL-Meßansatzes am Beispiel des Schloß Schönbrunn. Der Markt, 2, Nr. 141, S. 3-14 (Details)

Chapter in edited volume

2017 Cano, Stefan, Salzberger, Thomas. 2017. Measuring Risk Perception. In: Consumer Perception of Product Risks and Benefits, Hrsg. Emilien, G., Weitkunat, R., & Lüdicke, F. 191-200. Cham: Springer. (Details)
  Salzberger, Thomas, Cano, Stefan. 2017. The Perception Risk Instrument (PRI). In: Consumer Perception of Product Risks and Benefits, Hrsg. Emilien, G., Weitkunat, R., & Lüdicke, F. 201-219. Cham: Springer. (Details)
2009 Salzberger, Thomas, Holzmüller, Hartmut. 2009. Interkulturelle Studien. In: Empirische Mastertechniken, Hrsg. Baumgarth, C., Eisend, M., Evanschitzky; H., 295-333. Wiesbaden: Gabler. (Details)
2006 Klausegger, Claudia, Koller, Monika, Salzberger, Thomas. 2006. Das Phänomen der kognitiven Dissonanz - Empirische Neubetrachtung eines etablierten Konstrukts der Käuferverhaltensforschung. In Innovationen im Marketing und Handel. Linde international, Hrsg. Schnedlitz, P., Buber, R., Reutterer, T., Schuh, A., Teller, Ch., 284-293. Wien: Linde. (Details)
  Klausegger, Claudia, Salzberger, Thomas. 2006. Innovationen und Unternehmenserfolg - untersucht am Beispiel ausgewählter Branchen im Tourismus. In Innovationen im Tourismus, Hrsg. Pikkemaat, B./Peters, M./Weiermair, K., 37-52. Berlin: Erich Schmidt Verlag. (Details)
  Klausegger, Claudia, Salzberger, Thomas. 2006. Marketing-Controlling im Tourismus - Empirische Analyse zum Status-Quo am Beispiel ausgewählter österreichischer Tourismusbranchen. In Forum Dienstleistungsmanagement: Dienstleistungscontrolling, Hrsg. M. Bruhn, B. Stauss, 431-452. Wiesbaden: Gabler. (Details)
  Klausegger, Claudia, Salzberger, Thomas. 2006. Messung der Zufriedenheit mit dem touristischen Erlebnis - Empirische Analyse am Beispiel des Städtetourismus Wien. In Innovatives Dienstleistungsmarketing in Theorie und Praxis, Hrsg. Kleinaltenkamp Michael, 243-265. Wiesbaden: Gabler. (Details)
2005 Salzberger,T.. 2005. Daten- und Messäquivalenz in der internationalen Marktforschung. in: Hartmut H. Holzmüller und Arnold Schuh (Hrsg.): Innovationen im sektoralen Marketing, Festschrift zum 60. Geburtstag von Fritz Scheuch, Physica-Verlag, Heidelberg 2005, 199-218 (Details)
2004 Klausegger, C., Salzberger, S.. 2004. Entwicklung neuer Dienstleistungen und Unternehmenserfolg - Empirische Studie zur Analyse des Zusammenhangs von Innovationstätigkeit, Marktorientierung und Unternehmenserfolg am Beispiel Österreichischer Dienstleistungsunternehmen. In: Bruhn, M., Stauss, B. (Hrsg.): Forum Dienstleistungsmanagement : Dienstleistungsinnovationen. 413-430, Gabler, Wiesbaden (Details)
2002 Klausegger, C., Salzberger, T., Scharitzer, D.. 2002. 'Neue Verwaltung' - Zufriedene Bürger, positives Image? Analyse der Kundenzufriedenehit bei Finanzämtern unter Berücksichtigung der Einstellung zu öffentlichen Verwaltung. In: Mühlbacher, H./Thelen, E.: Neue Entwicklungen des Dienstleistungsmarketing. 29-55, Gabler (Details)
1998 Sinkovics, R.R., Salzberger, T., Holzmüller, H.H.. 1998. Assessing Measurement Equivalence in Cross-National Consumer Behavior Research: Principles, Relevance and Application Issues. In: Balderjahn, I., Mennicken, C., Vernette, E. (eds.): New Developments and Approaches in Consumer Behaviour Research, S. 269-288, Macmillan Press, Houndmills and London (Details)
1993 Salzberger, T., Holzmüller, H.H., Maier, Gunther. 1993. Die Konsumentenzufriedenheit als Erfolgsindikatorfür Einkaufszentren. In: Eschenbach, Rolf (Hrsg.): Forschung für die Wirtschaft, im Mittelpunkt: der Mensch. 163-170, Service Fachverlag, Wien (Details)

Contribution to conference proceedings

2015 Zniva, Robert, Weber, Daniela, Weitzl, Wolfgang, Salzberger, Thomas. 2015. Reviewing the Influence of Aging in Consumer Behaviour: Can we Learn From Demography? In Proceedings of the 2015 ANZMAC Main Conference, Hrsg. Australian and New Zealand Marketing Academy, 814-814. Sydney, AUS: - (Details)
2010 Salzberger, Thomas, Koller, Monika. 2010. On First or On Second Thought - How Response Instructions May Impact on the Quality of Measurement in Marketing Research. In Proceedings of the Australian and New Zealand Marketing Academy Conference (ANZMAC), Paul Ballantine, Jörg Finsterwalder, Hrsg. Department of Management, College of Business and Economics, 1-8. University of Canterbury, Christchurch: (Details)
  Salzberger, Thomas, Koller, Monika. 2010. Examining the functioning of different response scales based on innovative measurement models. In Proceedings of the 39th European Marketing Academy Conference (EMAC) 2010, The six senses - The Essentials of Marketing, Copenhagen Business School, Hrsg. Suzanne C. Beckmann, Torsten Ringberg, Thomas Ritter, xx-xx. Copenhagen, Denmark: (Details)
  Koller, Monika, Salzberger, Thomas, Himmer, Christoph. 2010. Eye-tracking analysis as a complementary technique to psychometric scale analysis - The case of evaluating different answer formats. In NeuroPsychoEconomcis 2010 Conference Proceedings, Hrsg. Flemming Hansen, Martin Reimann, Oliver Schilke, 14-14. München, Washington: (Details)
2009 Salzberger, Thomas, Koller, Monika. 2009. An Investigation of the Functioning of Different Response Scales in Online-administered Data Collection. In Proceedings of the Australia and New Zealand Marketing Academy (Anzmac) 2009 Conference, Sustainable Management and Marketing Conference, Hrsg. Department of Marketing, Monash University, 1-8. Melbourne, Australia: (Details)
  Scott, Jane, Salzberger, Thomas. 2009. Investigating the Threshold Ordering of the Audience Engrossment Scale using the Polytomous Rasch Model. In Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference of Measurement in Health, Education, Psychology and Marketing, Hrsg. University of Western Australia, 1-5 Perth: Eigenverlag (Details)
2008 Salzberger, Thomas, Koller, Monika. 2008. A difference in the unit of measurement - A hidden threat to the comparability of measures derived from rating scales. In Proceedings of the Australia and New Zealand Marketing Academy Conference (ANZMAC), December 1 - 3, 2008, University of Western Sydney, Hrsg. University of Western Sydney, 1-5. Sydney, Australien: Eigenverlag. (Details)
  Koller, Monika, Salzberger, Thomas, Streif, Gerlinde. 2008. Cognitive Dissonance in Retail versus E-commerce – First Findings and Implications. In Proceedings of the Australia and New Zealand Marketing Academy Conference (ANZMAC), December 1 - 3, 2008, University of Western Sydney, Hrsg. University of Western Sydney, 1-5. Sydney, Australien: Eigenverlag. (Details)
  Scott, Jane, Harris, Jennifer, Salzberger, Thomas. 2008. Are respondents using our scale as we expect?. In Proceedings of the ANZMAC Conference 2008, Sydney, Australia, Hrsg. University of Western Sydney, 1-6 Sydney: Eigenverlag. (Details)
  Newton, Fiona, Salzberger, Thomas, Ewing, Mike. 2008. Differences in Item Responses: A Gendered Approach. In Proceedings of the ANZMAC Conference 2008, Sydney, Hrsg. University of Western Sydney, 1-6. Sydney: Eigenverlag. (Details)
  Brenner, Gerhard, Koller, Monika, Salzberger, Thomas. 2008. Measurement Problems of Cognitive Dissonance – How Can Neuroimaging Techniques Help? Conceptual Thoughts and Empirical Design. In ConNecs 2008. Conference on Neuroeconomics, Copenhagen Business School, Hrsg. Department of Marketing, Center for Marketing Communication, 1-8. Copenhagen: Eigenverlag. (Details)
  Koller, Monika, Salzberger, Thomas. 2008. A Longitudinal Analysis of the Consumers' Mind: Implications for Service Innovations based on a Mix of Qualitative and Quantitative Findings in Tourism Industry. In Innovation and Development for Economic Growth in the Global Environment. Proceedings of the Global Business Innovation and Development Conference, Hrsg. Business Innovation Research Center, Charlton College of Business, University of Massachusetts, 207-213. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 16-19 January, 2008: Eigenverlag. (Details)
2007 Salzberger, Thomas. 2007. Single-Item Measures – Time for a Revival?. In 3Rs Reputation, Responsibility & Relevance – the role of marketing in the future - Proceedings of the ANZMAC 2007 Conference, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand, Hrsg. University of Otago, 1-7. Dunedin, New Zealand: (Details)
  Salzberger, Thomas. 2007. The Impact of Global Warming on Consumer Behaviour - First Findings from an Empirical Study. In 3Rs Reputation, Responsibility & Relevance – the role of marketing in the future - Proceedings of the ANZMAC 2007 Conference, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand, Hrsg. University of Otago, 1-6. Dunedin, New Zealand: (Details)
2006 Koller, Monika, Salzberger, Thomas. 2006. Extending the Range of Applicability of Cognitive Dissonance Theory to the Pre-Decision Phase - First Findings Based on a Longitudinal Study. In Advancing Theory, Maintaining Relevance, Proceedings of the ANZMAC Conference 2006, Brisbane, Australia, Hrsg. Charles Patti, Judy Drennan, Queensland University of Technology, 1-7. Brisbane: (Details)
  Salzberger, Thomas, Koller, Monika, Klausegger, Claudia. 2006. The Relationship of New Service Development and Market Orientation and Their Impact on Corporate Performance – A Structural-Equation-Modeling Study. In Fifteenth Annual Frontiers in Service Conference, Hrsg. J. McColl-Kennedy, R.T. Rust, P. Danaher, J. Chen, J. Spohrer, P. Maglio, E. Bridges, 56-57. Brisbane: Eigenverlag. (Details)
2005 Salzberger, T., Koller, M.. 2005. Cognitive Dissonance - Reconsidering an Important and Well-Established Phenomenon in Consumer Behaviour Research. ANZMAC Conference 2005, Fremantle, WA (Details)
  Klausegger, C., Salzberger, T.. 2005. Messung der wahrgenommenen Erlebnisqualität - Empirische Analyse am Beispiel des Städtetourismus Wien. Workshop, Dienstleistungsmarketing, FU Berlin, 24. Juni (Details)
  Salzberger, T., Klausegger, C.; Koller, M.. 2005. The Impact of Market Orientation and New Service Development on Corporate Performance. The Fourth SERVSIG Conference (the American Marketing Association Special Interest Group Services Marketing), June 2-4, Singapore (National University of Singapore Business School) (Details)
2004 Salzberger, T.. 2004. An Investigation of the Psychometric Properties of a Multiple Choice Test of Marketing Knowledge. 2nd International Conference on Measurement in Health, Education, Psychology and Marketing: Developments with Rasch and Unfolding Models, January 2004, School of Education, Murdoch University, Western Australia (Details)
  Salzberger, T.. 2004. Determining the Frame of Reference of a Scale Measuring the Attitude towards Advertising. 2nd International Conference on Measurement in Health, Education, Psychology and Marketing: Developments with Rasch and Unfolding Models, January 2004, School of Education, Murdoch University, Western Australia (Details)
  Salzberger, T.. 2004. Reconsidering the Paradigm of Measurement in Marketing Research - Critically Reviewing Recent Contributions Challenging Churchill's Paradigm. Proceedings of the 2004 Australian and New Zealand Marketing Academy Conference (ANZMAC), Wellington, New Zealand, November 29 to December 1 (Details)
2003 Sinkovics, R.R., Salzberger, T.. 2003. Technophobia as a Hindrance to International Innovation Diffusion - A Multinational Investigation of Construct Equivalence. 29th EIBA Conference, December 11-13, 2003, Copenhagen Business School, Denmark (Details)
2002 Salzberger, T., Holzmüller, H.H.. 2002. An Investigation of Construct Validity and Cross-National Comparability - A Five-Country Study of Export Information Usage in the UK, Austria, Germany, the United States, and New Zealand. In: Souchon, A.L., Durden, G.R., Diamantopoulos, A., Axinn, C.N. (eds.): Proceedings of the 31st EMAC conference, Braga, Portugal, May 28-31 (Details)
  Salzberger, T., Klausegger, C.. 2002. An Investigation of the Construct of Customer Satisfaction with a Shopping Centre in Prague. Proceedings of the 31st EMAC conference, Braga, Portugal, May 28-31 (Details)
  Sinkovics, R.R., Salzberger, T.. 2002. The Measurement of Technophobia as a Potential Obstacle to Diffusion of Innovations- A Multinational Investigation of Construct Equivalence. Proceedings of the 2002 Australian and New Zealand Marketing Academy Conference (ANZMAC)m Melbourne, Autralia, December 1-4 (Details)
2000 Salzberger, T.. 2000. An Alternative Way of Establishing Measurement in Marketing Research - Its Implications for Scale Development and Validity. Proceedings of the 2000 Australia and New Zealand Marketing Academy Conference (ANZMAC), Gold Coast (Details)
  Salzberger, T., Holzmüller, H.H., Souchon, A.L., Diamantopoulos, A., Axinn, C., Durden, G.R.. 2000. An exploratory cross-national assessment of antecedents to export information use. Proceedings of the 29th European Marketing Academy (EMAC) Conference, Rotterdam, NL, May 23-26 (Details)
  Klausegger, C., Salzberger, T.. 2000. Customer Satisfaction with a Shopping Centre in Prague - Scale Development and Analysis of Selected Antecedents and Consequences. Proceedings of the 8th Annual Conference on Marketing Strategies for Central & Eastern Europe, Vienna, Austria, December 13-15, 2000, 84-100 (Details)
  Salzberger, T.. 2000. Establishing Measurement Equivalence by Means of the Rasch Model. In: Salzberger, T., Williams J.D., Diamantopoulos D., Mort G.S., Brathwaite T.W.: Equivalence: Do We Need It and What Do We Do When It Does Not Exist? Panel Discussion held at the 2000 Multicultural Marketing Conference, Kowloon, Hong Kong (Details)
  Salzberger, T.. 2000. Intercultural Construct Validity in Emic and Etic Research. Proceedings of the 2000 Multicultural Marketing Conference (CD ROM), Academy of Marketing Science, September 17-20, 2000, Kowloon, Hong Kong (Details)
  Holzmüller, H., Salzberger, T., Souchon, A.L., Diamantopoulos, A., Axinn, C., Durden, G.R.. 2000. Selected Company Characteristics and Environmental Turbulence as Antecedents to Export Information Use - An Exploratory Five Country Study. AIB Annual Meeting of the Academy of International Business, Phoenix, Arizona (Details)
1999 Salzberger, T.. 1999. How the Rasch Model May Shift Our Perspective of Measurement in Marketing Research. Marketing in the Third Millenium: Proceedings of the 1999 Australia and New Zealand Marketing Academy Conference (ANZMAC), Sydney (Details)
  Holzmüller, H.H., Salzberger, T.. 1999. Solving the Puzzle of Equivalence in Cross-National Marketing Research: Concepts, Assessment, and Research Designs. Research-in-Progress Paper presented at the 9th Biennial World Marketing Congress, Malta, June 23-26, 1999 (Details)
  Salzberger, T.. 1999. Structural Equation Modeling vs. Latent Trait Models in Cross-national Marketing Research. in: Holzmüller, H., Samiee, S., Schlegelmilch, B., Diamantopoulos, A., Salzberger, T., Recent Methodological Advancements in Cross­National Marketing Research, Panel Discussion, 9th Biennial World Marketing Congr., Malta, June 23-26, 1999 (Details)
  Salzberger, T.. 1999. The Application of the Rasch Model to a Marketing-Scale. Paper presented at the 11th European Meeting of the Psychometric Society, EMPS 99, Lüneburg, Germany, July 19-22, 1999. The abstract is also published in MPR-online 1999 Vol.4, No.1 (Methods of Psychological Research) (Details)
1998 Salzberger, T.. 1998. Facing the Cross-Cultural Challenge: Empirical Investigation of Data Equivalence of the CET-scale in Austria and Korea. Proceedings of the III. CEMS Academic Conference, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium 1998 (Details)
  Salzberger, T., Sinkovics, R., Schlegelmilch, B.B.. 1998. Replicating Surveys Across Borders: The Equivalence Trap. In: Andersson, Per (ed.): Proceedings of the 27th European Marketing Academy Conference, Vol. 5, Stockholm, Sweden, May 20-23, 407-417 (Details)
1997 Salzberger, T., Sinkovics, R.R., Holzmüller, H.H.. 1997. Problems of Equivalence in Cross-Cultural Marketing Research. in: Wilson, E.J.; Hair, J.F. (Eds.): Developments in Marketing Science, Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Academy of Marketing Science,Vol. XX, May 28-31, Coral Gables, Florida 1997, pp.74-78 (Details)
  Salzberger, T.. 1997. Statistically Equivalent, yet Different in Meaning: Different Measurement Model Representations - Shown by Means of the AGGLO-Scale. in: Reed, P.W.; Luxton, S.L.; Shaw, M.R.: Proc. ANZMEC 1997, Australia New Zealand Marketing Educators Conference, Volume II, ISBN 0-7326-1296-9, S.707-728 Melbourne, Australia, Dec. 1-3 (Details)

Paper presented at an academic conference or symposium

2018 Salzberger, Thomas, Horton, Mike. 2018. Does the threshold distribution in polytomous items matter in computer adaptive testing? IOMW (International Objective Measurement Workshop/Conference), New York, United States/USA, 10.04.-12.04. (Details)
  Salzberger, Thomas, Horton, Mike. 2018. Investigating the effect of the threshold distribution in polytomous items on measurement error in computer adaptive testing. The Seventh International Conference on Probabilistic Models for Measurement, Perth, Australia, 17.01.-19.01. (Details)
  Salzberger, Thomas, Horton, Mike. 2018. Investigating the effect of the threshold distribution in polytomous items on measurement error in computer adaptive testing. 12th Annual UK Rasch User Group Meeting, Loughborough, United Kingdom, 23.03. (Details)
  Salzberger, Thomas. 2018. The perpetual characteristics of measurement and their impact on the future of measurement in the social sciences. The Seventh International Conference on Probabilistic Models for Measurement, Perth, Australia, 17.01.-19.01. Invited Talk (Details)
2016 Salzberger, Thomas, Koller, Monika, Floh, Arne, Zauner, Alexander, Sääksjärvi, Maria, Schifferstein, Hendrik. 2016. The Need for Smell Instrument: Development and Cross-National Validation. Anzmac Conference 2016, Christchurch, Neuseeland, 05.12.-07.12. (Details)
2015 Koller, Monika, Salzberger, Thomas, Floh, Arne, Zauner, Alexander, Sääksjärvi, Maria , Schifferstein, Hendrik. 2015. Olfaction in consumption: measurement and applications. EMAC, Lueven, Belgien, 27.05. (Details)
  Zniva, Robert, Weber, Daniela, Weitzl, Wolfgang, Salzberger, Thomas. 2015. Reviewing the Influence of Aging in Consumer Behaviour: Can we Learn From Demography? ANZMAC 2015, Sydney, Australien, 30.11.-02.12. (Details)
2012 Koller, Monika, Zauner, Alexander, Salzberger, Thomas, Floh, Arne. 2012. "Need for Smell" - Conceptualisation and Measurement. EMAC 2012, Lissabon, Portugal, 22.05.-25.05.. (Details)
2011 Koller, Monika, Salzberger, Thomas. 2011. Different functioning of rating scale formats - results from psychometric and physiological experiments. European Survey Research Association (ESRA) Conference, University of Lausanne, Schweiz, 18.07.-22.07.. (Details)
  Viola, Loredana, Koller, Monika, Salzberger, Thomas. 2011. The Effect of Functional and Emotional Analogies on Perceived Relative Advantage and New Product Acceptance. Australian and New Zealand Marketing Academy Conference (ANZMAC), Perth, Australien, 28.-11.-30.11.. (Details)
2010 Salzberger, Thomas, Koller, Monika. 2010. A new angle on measurement in marketing in the 21st century. Theoretical underpinnings and empirical examples. Global Marketing Conference at Tokyo, KAMS, Tokyo, Japan, 09.09.-12.09.. (Details)
  Koller, Monika, Salzberger, Thomas, Himmer, Christoph. 2010. Eye-tracking analysis as a complementary technique to psychometric scale analysis - The case of evaluating different answer formats. NeuroPsychoEconomics/ConNEcs Conference 2010, Copenhagen Business School, Dänemark, 31.02.-01.06.. (Details)
  Koller, Monika, Salzberger, Thomas, Himmer, Christoph. 2010. Functioning of Response Scales - an Eye-Tracking Study. General Online Research Conference (GOR) 2010, Pforzheim University, Deutschland, 26.05.-28.05.. (Details)
2009 Salzberger, Thomas. 2009. Investigating the Direction of an “Agree-Disagree” Polytomous Response Scale - An Analysis of the Unit of Measurement. MBC Meeting, Bled, Slowenien, 08.06.-12.06.. (Details)
  Salzberger, Thomas. 2009. Measurement of Latent Variables in Marketing: Current Practices and Future Avenues. Annual Meeting of the Austrian Statistical Society, Wien, Österreich, 21.09.-23.09. (Details)
  Christensen, Karl Bang, Salzberger, Thomas, Mesbah, Mounier. 2009. Multidimensionality. MBC Meeting, Bled, Slowenien, 08.06.-12.06.. (Details)
  Salzberger, Thomas. 2009. Some considerations of the Person-Separation-Index and the Assessment of Item Fit. MBC Meeting, Bled, Slowenien, 08.06.-12.06.. (Details)
2008 Koller, Monika, Salzberger, Thomas. 2008. A Longitudinal Analysis of the Consumers' Mind: Implications for Service Innovations based on a Mix of Qualitative and Quantitative Findings in Tourism Industry. Global Business Innovation and Development Conference, Rio de Janeiro, Brasilien, 16.01.-19.01.. (Details)
2007 Salzberger, Thomas. 2007. Implications of Person Dependency in Longitudinal Data – Exemplified by a Measure of Cognitive Dissonance. International Workshop "Advances in Rasch Modelling", Vannes, Frankreich, 04.06.-08-06.. (Details)
  Salzberger, Thomas, Hatzinger, Reinhold. 2007. Bedeutung von Reliabilität und Validität im Rahmen von IRT-Modellen. 4. Klagenfurter Statistiktag, Alpen-Adria Universität Klagenfurt, Institut für Psychologie, Klagenfurt, Österreich, 19.10.2007. (Details)
  Salzberger, Thomas. 2007. Single-Item Measures – Time for a Revival?. ANZMAC 2007 Conference, Dunedin, Neuseeland, 03.12.-05.12.. (Details)
  Salzberger, Thomas. 2007. The Impact of Global Warming on Consumer Behaviour - First Findings from an Empirical Study. ANZMAC 2007 Conference, Dunedin, Neuseeland, 03.12.-05.12.. (Details)
2006 Koller, Monika, Salzberger, Thomas. 2006. Extending the Range of Applicability of Cognitive Dissonance Theory to the Pre-Decision Phase - First Findings Based on a Longitudinal Study. ANZMAC Conference 2006, Brisbane, QLD, Brisbane, Australien, 04.12.-06.12.. (Details)
  Salzberger, Thomas, Koller, Monika, Klausegger, Claudia. 2006. The Relationship of New Service Development and Market Orientation and Their Impact on Corporate Performance – A Structural-Equation-Modeling Study. AMA Frontiers in Service Conference, Brisbane, Australien, June 2006. (Details)
2005 Salzberger, T., Koller, M.. 2005. Cognitive Dissonance - Reconsidering an Important and Well-Established Phenomenon in Consumer Behaviour Research. ANZMAC Conference 2005, Fremantle, WA (Details)
  Klausegger, C., Salzberger, T.. 2005. Messung der wahrgenommenen Erlebnisqualität - Empirische Analyse am Beispiel des Städtetourismus Wien. Workshop, Dienstleistungsmarketing 2005, FU Berlin, 24. Juni (Details)
  Salzberger, T., Klausegger, C., Koller, M.. 2005. The Impact of Market Orientation and New Service Development on Corporate Performance. The Fourth SERVSIG Conference (the American Marketing Association Special Interest Group Services Marketing), June 2-4, 2005, Singapore (National University of Singapore Business School) (Details)
2004 Salzberger, T.. 2004. An Introduction to Rasch Models for Business Studies. Workshop Introducing Rasch and Unfolding Model Applications, Leeds, Psychometric Laboratory for Health Sciences, September 14 (Details)
  Salzberger, T.. 2004. An Investigation of the Psychometric Properties of a Multiple Choice Test of Marketing Knowledge. 2nd International Conference on Measurement in Health, Education, Psychology and Marketing: Developments with Rasch and Unfolding Models, January 2004, School of Education, Murdoch University, Western Australia (Details)
  Salzberger, T.. 2004. Determining the Frame of Reference of a Scale Measuring the Attitude towards Advertising. 2nd International Conference on Measurement in Health, Education, Psychology and Marketing: Developments with Rasch and Unfolding Models, January 2004, School of Education, Murdoch University, Western Australia (Details)
  Salzberger, T.. 2004. Reconsidering the Paradigm of Measurement in Marketing Research - Critically Reviewing Recent Contributions Challenging Churchill's Paradigm. Australian and New Zealand Marketing Academy Conference (ANZMAC), Wellington, New Zealand, November 29 to December 1 (Details)
2003 Sinkovics, R.R., Salzberger, T.. 2003. Technophobia as a Hindrance to International Innovation Diffusion - A Multinational Investigation of Construct Equivalence. 29th EIBA Conference, December 11-13, 2003, Copenhagen Business School, Denmark (Details)
2002 Salzberger, T., Holzmüller, H.H.. 2002. An Investigation of Construct Validity and Cross-National Comparability - A Five-Country Study of Export Information Usage in the UK, Austria, Germany, the United States, and New Zealand. In: Souchon, A.L., Durden, G.R., Diamantopoulos, A., Axinn, C.N. (eds.): Proceedings of the 31st EMAC conference, Braga, Portugal, May 28-31 (Details)
  Salzberger, T., Klausegger, C.. 2002. An Investigation of the Construct of Customer Satisfaction with a Shopping Centre in Prague. Proceedings of the 31st EMAC conference, Braga, Portugal, May 28-31 (Details)
  Holzmüller, H.H., Salzberger, T.. 2002. Die betriebliche Nutzung von Exportinformation - Ergebnisse einer Studie in fünf Staaten. Vortrag im Rahmen der Jahrestagung der Kommission Internationales Management des Verbandes der Hochschullehrer für Betriebswirtschaft e.V vom 15. - 16. Februar 2002, Graz (Details)
  Sinkovics, R.R., Salzberger, T.. 2002. The Measurement of Technophobia as a Potential Obstacle to Diffusion of Innovations - A Multinational Investigation of Construct Equivalence. Proceedings of the 2002 Australian and New Zealand Marketing Academy Conference (ANZMAC)m Melbourne, Autralia, December 1-4 (Details)
2001 Klausegger, C., Salzberger,T., Scharitzer, D.. 2001. 'Neue Verwaltung' - Zufriedene Bürger, positives Image? Analyse der Kundenzufriedenheit bei Finanzämtern unter Berücksichtigung der unterschiedlichen Einstellungen zur öffentlichen Verwaltung. 8. Dienstleistungsworkshop, Innsbruck, 1.-3. Februar (Details)
2000 Salzberger, T.. 2000. An Alternative Way of Establishing Measurement in Marketing Research - Its Implications for Scale Development and Validity. Proceedings of the 2000 Australia and New Zealand Marketing Academy Conference (ANZMAC), Gold Coast (Details)
  Salzberger, T., Holzmüller, H.H., Souchon, A.L., Diamantopoulos, A., Axinn, C., Durden, G.R.. 2000. An exploratory cross-national assessment of antecedents to export information use. Proceedings of the 29th European Marketing Academy (EMAC) Conference, Rotterdam, NL, May 23-26 (Details)
  Klausegger, C., Salzberger, T.. 2000. Customer Satisfaction with a Shopping Centre in Prague - Scale Development and Analysis of Selected Antecedents and Consequences. Proceedings of the 8th Annual Conference on Marketing Strategies for Central & Eastern Europe, Vienna, Austria, December 13-15, 2000, 84-100 (Details)
  Salzberger, T.. 2000. Establishing Measurement Equivalence by Means of the Rasch Model. In: Salzberger, T., Williams J.D., Diamantopoulos D., Mort G.S., Brathwaite T.W.: Equivalence: Do We Need It and What Do We Do When It Does Not Exist? Panel Discussion held at the 2000 Multicultural Marketing Conference, Kowloon, Hong Kong (Details)
  Salzberger, T.. 2000. Intercultural Construct Validity in Emic and Etic Research. Proceedings of the 2000 Multicultural Marketing Conference (CD ROM), Academy of Marketing Science, September 17-20, 2000, Kowloon, Hong Kong (Details)
  Holzmüller, H., Salzberger, T., Souchon, A.L., Diamantopoulos, A., Axinn, C., Durden, G.R.. 2000. Selected Company Characteristics and Environmental Turbulence as Antecedents to Export Information Use - An Exploratory Five Country Study. AIB Annual Meeting of the Academy of International Business, Phoenix, Arizona (Details)
  Salzberger, T.. 2000. What Marketing Research Could Learn From Rasch Measurement Theory: A Rasch Analysis of a Marketing-Scale. Presented at the Tenth International Objective Measurement Workshop IOMW10, April 21-23, 2000, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans (Details)
1999 Salzberger, T.. 1999. How the Rasch Model May Shift Our Perspective of Measurement in Marketing Research. Marketing in the Third Millenium: Proceedings of the 1999 Australia and New Zealand Marketing Academy Conference (ANZMAC), Sydney (Details)
  Holzmüller, H.H., Salzberger, T.. 1999. Solving the Puzzle of Equivalence in Cross-National Marketing Research: Concepts, Assessment, and Research Designs. Research-in-Progress Paper 9ented at the 9th Biennial World Marketing Congress, Malta, June 23-26 (Details)
  Salzberger, T.. 1999. Structural Equation Modeling vs. Latent Trait Models in Cross-national Marketing Research. In: Holzmüller, H., Samiee, S., Schlegelmilch, B., Diamantopoulos, A., Salzberger, T.: Recent Methodological Advancements in CrossNational Marketing Research, Panel Discussion, 9th Biennial World Marketing Congr., Malta, June 23-26 (Details)
  Salzberger, T.. 1999. The Application of the Rasch Model to a Marketing-Scale. Paper presented at the 11th European Meeting of the Psychometric Society, EMPS 99, Lüneburg, Germany, July 19-22, 1999. The abstract is also published in MPR-online 1999 Vol. 4, No.1 (Methods of Psychological Research) (Details)
1998 Salzberger, T.. 1998. Facing the Cross-Cultural Challenge: Empirical Investigation of Data Equivalence of the CET-scale in Austria and Korea. Proceedings of the III. CEMS Academic Conference, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium (Details)
1997 Salzberger, T., Sinkovics, R.R., Holzmüller, H.H.. 1997. Problems of Equivalence in Cross-Cultural Marketing Research. In: Wilson, E.J., Hair, J.F. (eds.): Developments in Marketing Science, Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Academy of Marketing Science, May 28-31, Coral Gables, Florida 1997, Vol. XX, 74-78 (Details)
  Salzberger, T.. 1997. Statistically Equivalent, yet Different in Meaning: Different Measurement Model Re9entations - Shown by Means of the AGGLO-Scale. In: Reed, P.W., Luxton, S.L., Shaw, M.R.: Proc. ANZMEC 1997, Australia New Zealand Marketing Educators Conference, Volume II, ISBN 0-7326-1296-9, 707-728 Melbourne, Australia, Dec. 1-3 (Details)

Poster presented at an academic conference or symposium

2018 Chrea, Christelle, Salzberger, Thomas, Abetz-Webb, Linda, Afolalu, Esther, Cano, Stefan, Rose, Jed, Weitkunat, Rolf, Fagerström, Karl. 2018. Development of a fit-for-purpose tobacco and nicotine products dependence instrument. ISPOR (The International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research) Europe 2018, Barcelona, Spain, 10.11.-14.11. (Details)
  Chrea, Christelle, Salzberger, Thomas, Abetz-Webb, Linda, Afolalu, Esther, Cano, Stefan, Rose, Jed, Weitkunat, Rolf, Fagerström, Karl. 2018. Development of a Tobacco and Nicotine Products Dependence Instrument. 24th Annual Meeting of the Society For Research On Nicotine and Tobacco (SRNT), Baltimore, United States/USA, 21.02.-24.02. (Details)
2016 Koller, Monika, Salzberger, Thomas, Floh, Arne, Zauner, Alexander, Sääksjärvi, Maria, Schifferstein, Hendrik. 2016. Applications of the Need for Smell-Scale. Association for Consumer Research (ACR) Conference 2016, Berlin, Deutschland, 27.10.-29.10. (Details)
2012 Viola, Loredana, Salzberger, Thomas, Koller, Monika. 2012. Giving consumers a helping hand - Emotional and functional analogies as drivers of perceived relative advantage and new product acceptance. American Marketing Association Winter Educators’ Conference, St. Petersburg, FL, Vereinigte Staaten/USA, 17.02.-19,02.. (Details)
  Viola, Loredana, Salzberger, Thomas, Koller, Monika. 2012. The effectiveness of analogies as a facilitator of new product acceptance: self-regulation focus as a moderator. The 13th Annual Meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, San Diego, CA, Vereinigte Staaten/USA, 26.01-28.01.. (Details)
2011 Koller, Monika, Salzberger, Thomas, Brenner, Gerhard. 2011. Eye-tracking: status quo and future directions beyond mainstream applications. NeuroPsychoEconomics Conference, Munich, Deutschland, 26.05.-27.05.. (Details)
2006 Salzberger, Thomas, Koller, Monika. 2006. The Interplay of Customer Satisfaction and Cognitive Dissonance and Their Impact on Loyalty and Complaint Behaviour. 35th EMAC Conference, Athens, Greece, Athen, Griechenland, 23.05.-26.05.. (Details)

Working/discussion paper, preprint

2000 Salzberger, T.. 2000. An Extended Rasch Analysis of the CETSCALE - Implications for Scale Development and Data Construction. Vienna 2000 (Details)
1997 Holzmüller, H.H., Salzberger, T.. 1997. Beschaffung und Verwendung von Exportinformation in österreichischen Unternehmen - Messung, Einflußfaktoren und Erfolgswirkung. Marketing Arbeitspapiere, WU, Nr. 12, Wien (Details)
1993 Salzberger, T., Holzmüller, H.H., Maier, Gunther. 1993. Die Konsumentenzufriedenheit mit innerstädtischen und peripheren Einzelhandelsagglomerationen. Marketing Arbeitspapiere, WU, Nr. 10, Wien (Details)

Habilitation

2007 Salzberger, Thomas. 2007. Scientific Measurement of Latent Variables in Marketing Research - an Alternative Framework. Habilitationsschrift, WU Wien. (Details)

Dissertation

1998 Salzberger, T.. 1998. Die Lösung von Äquivalenzproblemen in der interkulturellen Marketingforschung mittels Methoden der probabilistischen Meßtheorie (Latent Trait Theory: Approaches Towards Solving Problems of Equivalence in Cross-Cultural Marketing Research). Dissertation, Wirtschaftsuniversität Wien (Details)

Unpublished lecture

2008 Salzberger, Thomas. 2008. Das Rasch-Modell als Messansatz in den Sozialwissenschaften - Aktueller Stand im Marketing. Vienna Medical University - Montagsseminar, Wien, 19.05. (Details)
  Salzberger, Thomas. 2008. Measurement paradigms for marketing and international business - Frontiers and innovations, March 31/April 1, 2008, Manchester Business School, The University of Manchester. Workshop, Manchester, 01.04. (Details)
2007 Salzberger, Thomas. 2007. Das Rasch-Modell als alternative Messtheorie in der quantitativen Marketingforschung, 4.-5. Juli 2007, Universität Dortmund, Lehrstuhl für Marketing. Workshop, Dortmund, 05.07. (Details)
2006 Salzberger, Thomas. 2006. Rasch Modeling in Marketing (with RUMM 2020), November 30, 2006, School of Marketing, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia. Workshop, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia, 13.12. (Details)
1999 Salzberger, T.. 1999. Meßtheoretische Paradigmen und ihre Bedeutung für die Marketingforschung. Vortrag im Rahmen des wissenschaftstheoretischen Forschungsseminars des Projekts "Sozio-Logik" am Institut für Volkswirtschaftstheorie III der WU Wien, Wien (Details)

Projects

2002
Scientific Measurement in Marketing Research - An Alternative Framework (2002-2007) (Details)
1998
Assessing measurement equivalence in cross-national consumer behavior research: principles, relevance and application issues (1998-1999) (Details)